One of the suffragan sees of the Archdiocese of Utrecht in the Netherlands.
Habacuc (Habakkuk)
Article on the minor prophet of the Old Testament, and his book.
Haberl, Francis Xavier
Music historian. (1840-1910)
Habington, William
Poet and historian; born at Hindlip, Worcestershire, 1605; died 1654; son of Thomas Habington the antiquarian.
Habit is an effect of repeated acts and an aptitude to reproduce them, and may be defined as "a quality difficult to change, whereby an agent whose nature it is to work one way or another indeterminately, is disposed easily and readily at will to follow this or that particular line of action".
Habor River
A river of Mesopotamia in Asiatic Turkey, an important eastern affluent of the Euphrates.
The name given by the people to the potter's field, purchased with the price of the treason of Judas.
Hadewych, Blessed
Prioress of the Premonstratensian convent of Mehre, d. around 1200. Also known as Hedwig or Hadewig.
Hadrian, Publius Aelius
Emperor of the Romans; born 24 January, A. D. 76 at Rome; died 10 July, 138.
Hadrian, Saint
Article on this martyr, who died in about 306.
A titular see of Byzacena.
Haeften, Benedict van
Benedictine writer, provost of the Monastery of Afflighem, Belgium; born at Utrecht, 1588; died 31 July, 1648.
Hagen, Gottfried
Town clerk of Cologne, and author of the Cologne "Reimchronik" (rhymed chronicle); died 1299.
One of David's wives (II Kings, iii,4).
The name given to that branch of learning which has the saints and their worship for its object.
Hague, The
Capital and seat of Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as well as of the (civil) Province of South Holland.
Hahn-Hahn, Ida
Countess, convert and authoress, born 22 June, 1805; died 12 January, 1880.
Haid, Herenaus
Catechist, born in the Diocese of Ratisbon, 16 February, 1784; died 7 January, 1873.
Hail Mary
Analysis of the prayer Ave Maria: origins and development.
Haimhausen, Karl von
German missionary; b. at Munich, of a noble Bavarian family, 28 May, 1692; d. in Chile, 7 April, 1767.
Hair (in Christian Antiquity)
The paintings in the catacombs permit the belief that the early Christians simply followed the fashion of their time. The short hair of the men and the waved tresses of the women were, towards the end of the second century, curled, frizzed with irons, and arranged in tiers, while for women the hair twined about the head forming a high diadem over the brow.
A garment of rough cloth made from goats' hair and worn in the form of a shirt or as a girdle around the loins, by way of mortification and penance.
An island of the Greater Antilles.
Bishop of Basle; b. in 763, of a noble family of Swabia; d. 17 March, 836, in the Abbey of Reichenau, on an island in the Lake of Constance.
Comprises the six northern provinces of the island of Nippon, the island of Yezo, and the Kurile Islands, as well as the administration of the southern part of the island of Saghalin, which still belongs to the Diocese of Mohilev.
Hakon the Good
King of Norway, 935 (936) to 960 (961), youngest child of King Harold Fair Hair and Thora Mosterstang.
A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis.
This see takes its name from the city of Halifax which has been the seat of government in Nova Scotia since its foundation by Lord Cornwallis in 1749.
Hallahan, Margaret
Foundress of the Dominican Congregation of St. Catherine of Siena (third order); b. in London, 23 January, 1803; d. 10 May, 1868.
Haller, Karl Ludwig von
A professor of constitutional law, b. 1 August, 1768, at Berne, d. 21 May, 1854, at Solothurn, Switzerland.
Halloy, Jean-Baptiste-Julien D'Omalius
Belgian geologist, b. at Liège, Belgium, 16 February, 1783; d. at Brussels, 15 January, 1875.
Halma, Nicholas
French mathematician; born at Sedan, 31 December, 1755; died at Paris, 4 June, 1828.
Hamar, Ancient See of
Located in Norway.
A titular see of Syria Secunda, suffragan of Apamea.
A city supposed to be identical with the Marionis of Ptolemy, was founded by a colony of fishermen from Lower Saxony.
Hamilton, John
Archbishop of St. Andrews; b. 1511; d. at Stirling, 1571; a natural son of James, first Earl of Arran.
Hamilton, Ontario, Diocese of
Located in Ontario, Canada; a suffragan of Toronto.
Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph, Baron von
A distinguished Austrian Orientalist; b. at Graz, 9 June, 1774; d. at Vienna, 23 November, 1856.
The sixth king of the first Babylonian dynasty.
Hamsted, Adrian
Founder of the sect of Adrianists; born at Dordrecht, 1524; died at Bruges, 1581.
Haneberg, Daniel Bonifacius von
German prelate and Orientalist of the nineteenth century, b. At Tanne near Kempten, Bavaria, 16 June, 1816.
The former Kingdom of Hanover has been a province of the Prussian monarchy since 20 September, 1866.
Hansiz, Markus
Historian, b. at Volkermarkt, Carinthia, Austria, 25 April, 1683; d. at Vienna, 5 September, 1766.
Hanthaler, Chrysostomus
A Cistercian, historical investigator and writer. (1690-1754)
Hanxleden, Johann Ernest
Jesuit missionary in the East Indies: b at Ostercappeln, near Osnabruck, in Hanover, 1681; d. in Malabar, 20 March, 1732.
The primary meaning of this term in all the leading European languages seems to involve the notion of good fortune, good chance, good happening.
Harbor Grace
Diocese in Newfoundland, erected in 1856.
Hardee, William J.
Soldier, convert, b. at Savannah, Georgia, U.S.A., 1817, d. at Wytheville, Virginia, 6 Nov., 1873.
Hardey, Mary Aloysia
Of the Society of the Sacred Heart, who established all the convents of her order, up to the year 1883, in the eastern part of the United States, Canada, and Cuba; b. at Piscataway, Maryland, 1809; d. at Paris, France, 17 June. 1886.
Harding, Thomas
Controversialist; b. at Combe Martin, Devon, 1516 d. at Louvain, Sept., 1572.
Hardman, Mary Juliana
Known in religion as Sister Mary; b. 26 April, 1813; d. 24 March, 1884.
Hardouin, Jean
Jesuit, and historian; b. at Quimper, Brittany, 23 Dec., 1646, son of a bookseller of that town; d. at Paris, 3 Sept., 1729.
Hardyng, John
An English chronicler; b. 1378; d. about 1460.
Hare Indians
A Déné tribe which shares with the Loucheux the distinction of being the northernmost in America, their habitat being immediately south of that of the Eskimos.
Harland, Henry
American novelist. (1861-1905)
Harlay, Family of
An important family of parliamentarians and bishops, who deserve a place in religious history.
Harlez de Deulin, Charles-Joseph de
A Belgian Orientalist, domestic prelate, canon of the cathedral of Liège, member of the Academic Royale of Belgium; b. at Liège, 21 August, 1832; d. at Louvain, 14 July, 1899.
A concord of sounds, several tones of different pitch sounded as a chord; among the Greeks, the general term for music.
William Selby Harney, soldier, convert; b. near Haysboro, Tennessee, U.S.A., 27 August, 1800; d. at St. Louis, Missouri, 9 May, 1889. John Milton Harney, brother of foregoing, b. in Delaware, 9 March, 1789; d. at Somerset, Kentucky, 15 January, 1825.
Harold Bluetooth
Son of King Gorm the Old of Denmark. (911-986)
Harold, Francis
Irish Franciscan and historical writer, d. at Rome, 18 March, 1685.
A titular see of Caria, suffragan of Stauropolis.
Harper, Thomas Morton
Priest, philosopher, theologian and preacher. Born in London 26 Sept., 1821, of Anglican parents, his father being a merchant of good means in the City; d. 29 Aug., 1893.
Harris, Joel Chandler
Folklorist, novelist, poet, journalist; born at Eatonton, Georgia, U.S.A., 1848; died at Atlanta, Georgia, 3 July, 1908.
Diocese in Pennsylvania.
Harrison, James
Priest and martyr; b. in the Diocese of Lichfield, England, date unknown; d. at York, 22 March, 1602.
Harrison, William
Third and last archpriest of England, b. in Derbyshire in 1553; d. 11 May, 1621.
Harrowing of Hell
This is the Old English and Middle English term for the triumphant descent of Christ into hell (or Hades) between the time of His Crucifixion and His Resurrection, when, according to Christian belief, He brought salvation to the souls held captive there since the beginning of the world.
Diocese of Hartford, established by Gregory XVI, 18 Sept., 1843.
Hartmann von Aue
A Middle High German epic poet and minnesinger; died between 1210 and 1220.
Hartmann, Georg
Mechanician and physicist; b. at Eckoltsheim, Bavaria, 9 Feb. 1489; d. at Nuremberg, 9 April, 1564.
Hasak, Vincenz
Historian, b. at Neustadt, near Friedland, Bohemia , 18 July, 1812; d. 1 September, 1889, as dean of Weisskirchlitz, near Teplitz.
Haschka, Lorenz Leopold
A poet-author of the Austrian national anthem; b. at Vienna, 1 Sept. 1749, d. there 3 Aug., 1827, was in his youth a member of the Society of Jesus.
Haspinger, Johann Simon
A Tyrolese priest and patriot; b. at Gries, Tyrol, 28 October, 1776; d. in the imperial palace of Mirabell, Salzburg, 12 January, 1858.
Hassard, John Rose Greene
An editor, historian; b. in New York, U.S.A., 4 September, 1836; d. in that city, 18 April, 1888.
Hasslacher, Peter
Preacher; b. at Coblenz, 14 August, 1810; d. at Paris, 5 July, 1876.
In general, a vehement aversion entertained by one person for another, or for something more or less identified with that other.
Archbishop of Mainz; b. of a noble Swabian family, c. 850; d. 15 May, 913.
Hatton, Edward Anthony
Dominican, apologist; b. in 1701; d. at Stourton Lodge, near Leeds, Yorkshire, 23 October, 1783.
A titular see of Palestina Tertia, suffragan of Petra.
A religious congregation founded in Paris early in the fourteenth century by Jeanne, wife of Etienne Haudry, a private secretary of St. Louis, King of France.
Haughery, Margaret
"The mother of the orphans", as she was familiarly styled, b. in Cavan, Ireland, about 1814; d. at New Orleans, Louisiana, 9 February, 1882.
Hauréau, Jean-Barthélemy
Historian and publicist; b. at Paris, 1812; d. there, 1896.
A Cistercian monastery near Aix-les-Bains in Savoy.
Hautefeuille, Jean de
French physicist, b. at Orléans, 20 March, 1647; d. there, 18 October, 1724.
Antoine Dadin d'Hauteserre, born 1602, died 1682; a distinguished French historian and canonist, dean of the faculty of law at the University of Toulouse. Flavius Hauteserre, younger brother of the above, died about 1670; professor of law at Poitiers.
Hauy, René-Just
Mineralogist; b. at Saint-Just (Oise), 28 Feb., 1743; d. at Paris, 3 June, 1822.
Hauy, Valentin
Founder of the first school for the blind, and known under the name of "Father and Apostle of the Blind". (1745-1822)
Hauzeur, Mathias
A Franciscan theologian, b. at Verviers, 1589; d. at Liège 12 November, 1676, for many years professor of theology.
Jurisdiction of the See of Havana comprises the two provinces of Havana and Matanzas.
Havestadt, Bernhard
German Jesuit; b. at Cologne, 27 February, 1714; died at Münster after 1778.
Hawarden, Edward
Theologian and controversialist, b. in Lancashire, England, 9 April, 1662; d. in London, 23 April, 1735.
Hawes, Stephen
Poet; b. in Suffolk about 1474; d. about 1523.
Hawker, Robert Stephen
Poet and antiquary; b. at Plymouth 3 December, 1803, d. there 15 August, 1875.
Hawkins, Sir Henry
Raised to the peerage as Lord Brampton, eminent English lawyer and Judge, b. at Hitchin, Hertfordshire, 14 September, 1817; d. at London, 12 October, 1907.
Hay, Edmund and John
Edmund Hay, jesuit, and envoy to Mary Queen of Scots, b. 1540?; d. at Rome, 4 Nov., 1591. John Hay, kinsman and contemporary of Edmund, of the family of Hay of Dalgetti; b., 1546; d. at Pont-à-Mousson, 1608; a well-known scholar, professor, and writer.
Hay, George
Bishop and writer, b. at Edinburgh, 24 Aug., 1729; d. at Aquhorties, 18 Oct., 1811.
Haydn, Franz Joseph
Famous composer. (1732-1809)
Haydn, Johann Michael
Younger brother of Franz Joseph Haydn. (1737-1806)
Haydock, George Leo
Priest and biblical scholar. (1774-1849)
Benedictine bishop. (d. 853)
Haymo of Faversham
English Franciscan and schoolman, b. at Faversham, Kent; d. at Anagni, Italy, in 1243, according to the most probable opinion; Wadding gives 1244.
Haynald, Lajos
Cardinal, Archbishop of Kalocsa-Bács in Hungary; b. at Szécsény, 3 October, 1816; d. at Kalocsa, 3 July, 1891.
Hazart, Cornelius
Controversialist, orator, and writer, b. 28 October, 1617, at Oudenarde in the Netherlands; entered the Society of Jesus, 24 Sept., 1634; d. 25 October, 1690, at Antwerp.
Healy, George Peter Alexander
An American portrait and historical painter, b. at Boston, 15 July, 1808; d. at Chicago, 14 June 1894.
Hearse, Tenebrae
The triangular candlestick used in the Tenebrae service.
Heart of Jesus, Devotion to the Sacred
Description, spiritual significance, and historical background of devotion to the Sacred Heart.
Heart of Mary, Congregations of
Details on several congregations under this name.
Heart of Mary, Devotion to the Immaculate
Description of this devotion, along with its history.
In the Holy Bible the term heaven denotes, in the first place, the blue firmament, or the region of the clouds that pass along the sky. Gen., i, 20, speaks of the birds "under the firmament of heaven". In other passages it denotes the region of the stars that shine in the sky. Furthermore heaven is spoken of as the dwelling of God; for, although God is omnipresent, He manifests Himself in a special manner in the light and grandeur of the firmament.
Hebrew Bible
As compared with the Latin Vulgate, the Hebrew Bible includes the entire Old Testament with the exception of the seven deuterocanonical books, Tobias, Judith, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus, Baruch, I and II Machabees, and the deuterocanonical portions of Esther (x, 4 to end) and Daniel (iii, 24-90; xiii; xiv).
Hebrew Language and Literature
Hebrew was the language spoken by the ancient Israelites, and in which were composed nearly all of the books of the Old Testament.
Hebrews, Epistle to the
The central thought of the entire Epistle is the doctrine of the Person of Christ and His Divine mediatorial office.
Hebrides, New
Vicariate Apostolic of New Hebrides; in Oceania.
An ancient royal city of Chanaan, famous in biblical history, especially at the time of the patriarchs and under David.
Hecker, Isaac Thomas
Missionary, author, founder of the Paulists; b. in New York, 18 December, 1819; d. there, 22 Dec., 1888.
The name given to the group of ethical systems that hold, with various modifications, that feelings of pleasure or happiness are the highest and final aim of conduct; that, consequently those actions which increase the sum of pleasure are thereby constituted right, and, conversely, what increases pain is wrong.
Hedwig, Saint
Duchess of Silesia, aunt of St. Elizabeth of Hungary. Hedwig married Henry I, and was the mother of seven. Upon her husband's death, she entered a Cistercian monastery. Died 1243.
Heeney, Cornelius
Merchant and philanthropist; b. in King's County, Ireland, 1754; d. at Brooklyn, U.S.A., 3 May, 1848.
Heereman von Zuydwyk, Freiherr von
Catholic statesman and writer on art, b. 26 Aug., 1832, at Surenburg near Riesenbeck, Westphalia; d. 23 March, 1903, at Berlin.
A village in the diocese of Hertogenbosch (Bois-le-Duc), Holland, in which the dispersed religious of the confiscated Norbertine Abbey of Berne created a new abbey and college.
Hefele, Karl Joseph von
Bishop of Rottenburg, b. at Unterkochen, Würtemberg, 15 March, 1890; d. at Rottenburg, 5 June, 1893.
Article by William Turner, evaluating this school of thought.
Hegesippus, Saint
Second-century writer, opposed Marcionism and Gnosticism.
Hegesippus, The Pseudo-
Fourth-century translator of Josephus.
Hegius, Alexander
Humanist; b. probably in 1433, at Heeck (Westphalia); d. 7 December, 1498.
Heidelberg, University of
The fame of Heidelberg is due to its university, which was founded in 1386 by the warlike Rupert I of Wittelsbach when he was over seventy years of age, on the model of the University of Paris.
An existing Cistercian monastery in the Wienerwald, eight miles north-west of Baden in Lower Austria.
Formerly a Cistercian monastery in the Diocese of Eichstatt in Middle Franconia.
Heilsbronn, Monk of
This name indicates the unknown author of some small mystical treatises, written about the beginning of the fourteenth century at the Cistercian Abbey of Heilsbronn.
Heim, François Joseph
French historical painter, b. near Belfort, 1787, d. in Paris, 1865.
Heinrich der Glïchezäre
A Middle High German poet, author of a narrative poem "Reinhart Fuchs".
Heinrich von Ahaus
Founder of the Brethren of the Common Life in Germany. (1371-1439)
Heinrich von Laufenberg
A German poet of the fifteenth century, d. at Strasburg in 1460; he was a priest in Freiburg (Breisgau), and later dean of the cathedral.
Heinrich von Meissen
Usually called "Frauenlob" (Woman's praise), a Middle High German lyric poet; b. at Meissen about 1250; d. at Mainz, 1318.
Heinrich von Melk
German satirist of the twelfth century; of knightly birth and probably a lay brother in the convent of Melk, in Styria.
Heinrich von Veldeke
A medieval German poet of knightly rank; b. near Maastricht in the Netherlands about the middle of the twelfth century.
Heinz, Joseph
Swiss painter. (1564-1609)
Heis, Eduard
German astronomer, b. at Cologne, 18 February, 1806; d. at Münster, Westphalia, 30 June, 1877.
A former Cistercian monastery in the Siebengebirge near the little town of Oberdollendorf in the Archdiocese of Cologne.
Helen of Sköfde, Saint
Biography of the twelfth-century Swedish widow and martyr, killed in perhaps the year 1160.
Helena (Montana)
Erected from the Vicariate of Montana, 7 March, 1884.
Helena, Saint
The mother of Constantine the Great, she died about 330.
A titular see of Bithynia Prima, suffragan of Prusa.
Discusses the Old Testament priest, and the New Testament father of Joseph.
Heliae, Paul
A Carmelite, opponent of the Reformation in Denmark, born at Warberg (in the Laen of Halland), about 1480; died after 1534.
Heliand, The
The oldest complete work of German literature.
Medieval poet, chronicler, and ecclesiastical writer.
The name adopted by Varius Avitus Bassianus, Roman emperor (218-222), born of a Syrian family and a grandnephew of Julia Domna, the consort of Emperor Septimus Severus.
Hell (infernus) in theological usage is a place of punishment after death.
Hell, Maximilian
Astronomer, b. at Schemnitz in Hungary, 15 May, 1720; d. at Vienna, 14 April, 1792.
Hello, Ernest
19th-century French philosopher and essayist. Article by Susan Tracy Otten.
A historian, born in the first half of the twelfth century; died about 1177.
Helmont, Jan Baptista van
Born at Brussels, 1577; died near Vilvorde, 30 December, 1644. This scientist, distinguished in the early annals of chemistry, belonged to a Flemish family.
Helpers of the Holy Souls, Society of the
A religious order of women founded in Paris, France, 1856, with the object of assisting the Holy Souls, by [Blessed] Eugénie Smet (in religion, Marie de la Providence).
Helpidius, Flavius Rusticius
The name of several Latin writers.
Helyot, Pierre
Usually known as Hippolyte, his name in religion. Born at Paris, in 1660; died there 5 January, 1716.
Hemmerlin, Felix
A provost at Solothurn, in Switzerland, born at Zurich, in 1388 or 1389; died about 1460.
Henderson, Issac Austin
Theologian, musician, singer, and writer. (1850-1909)
Hendrick, Thomas Augustine
Twenty-second Bishop of Cebú, Philippine Islands, b. at Penn Yan, New York, U.S.A., 29 Oct., 1849; d. at Cebú, 29 Nov., 1909.
Hengler, Lawrence
Catholic priest and the inventor of the horizontal pendulum, b. at Reichenhofen, Würtemberg, 3 Feb., 1806; d. at Tigerfeld, 1858.
Hennepin, Louis
One of the most famous explorers in the wilds of North America during the seventeenth century.
The name of the son of Cain (Gen., iv, 17, 18), of a nephew of Abraham (Gen., xxv, 4), of the first-born of Ruben (Gen., xlvi, 9), and of the son of Jared and the father of Mathusala (Gen., v. 18 sq.).
Henoch, Book of (Ethiopic)
Introductory article.
The unsuccessful law made by the Emperor Zeno in order to conciliate Catholics and Monophysites.
Henri de Saint-Ignace
A Carmelite theologian, b. in 1630, at Ath in Hainaut, Belgium; d. in 1719 or 1720, near Liège.
Henrion, Mathieu-Richard-Auguste
Baron, French magistrate, historian, and journalist; b. at Metz, 19 June, 1805; d. at Aix, September, 1862.
Henry Abbot, Blessed
A layman and convert to Catholicism, martyred at York in 1597. Explains the circumstances which led to his martyrdom.
Henry Heath, Blessed
Short biography of the English Franciscan, martyred for being a priest. He died in 1643.
Henry II
Biographical article that focuses on the King of England's constitutional and legal reforms, and his conflict with Thomas Becket.
Henry II, Saint
Biography of the German king and Holy Roman Emperor, d. 1024.
Henry III
German king and Holy Roman Emperor. (1017-1056)
Henry IV
German king and Holy Roman Emperor. (1050-1108)
Henry IV
King of France and Navarre. (1553-1610)
Henry Morse, Saint
English Jesuit who made his novitiate in prison. He was martyred at Tyburn in 1644.
Henry of Friemar
German theologian; b. at Friemar, a small town near Gotha in Thuringia, about the end of the thirteenth century; d. probably at Erfurt about 1355.
Henry of Ghent
A notable scholastic philosopher and theologian of the thirteenth century.
Henry of Herford
Friar and chronicler; date of birth unknown; died at Minden, 9 Oct., 1370.
Henry of Huntingdon
Historian; b. probably near Ramsey, Huntingdonshire, between 1080 and 1085; d. 1155.
Henry of Kalkar
Carthusian writer, b. at Kalkar in the Duchy of Cleves in 1328; d. at Cologne, 20 December, 1408.
Henry of Langenstein
Theologian and mathematician; b. about 1325 at the villa of Hainbuch (Hembuche), near Langenstein in Hesse; d. at Vienna, 11 Feb., 1397.
Henry of Nördlingen
A Bavarian secular priest, of the fourteenth century, date of death unknown; the spiritual adviser of Margaretha Ebner (died 1351), the mystic of Medingen.
Henry of Rebdorf
Alleged author of an imperial and papal chronicle of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.
Henry of Segusio, Blessed
Usually called Hostiensis. Italian canonist, bishop of Ostia, d. 1261.
Henry Suso, Blessed
Biography of this German Dominican mystic, d. 1366.
Henry the Navigator, Prince
Born 4 March, 1394; died 13 November, 1460; he was the fourth son of John I, King of Portugal, by Queen Philippa, a daughter of John of Gaunt.
Henry V
German king and Holy Roman Emperor. (1081-1125)
Henry VI
German king and Holy Roman Emperor. (1165-1197)
Henry VIII
Lengthy article which concentrates on Henry's break with the Church of Rome.
Henry Walpole, Saint
Converted to Catholicism by the death of Edmund Campion. Walpole became a Jesuit priest, and was arrested as soon as he returned to England. He was martyred in 1595.
Henryson, Robert
Scottish poet, born probably 1420-1430; died about 1500.
Henríquez, Crisóstomo
A Cistercian of the Spanish Congregation; b. at Madrid, 1594; d. 23 December, 1632, at Louvain.
Henríquez, Enrique
Jesuit theologian, b. at Oporto, 1536; d. at Tivoli, 28 January, 1608.
Henschen, Godfrey
Jesuit, hagiographer; b. at Venray (Limburg), 21 June, 1601; d. at Antwerp, 11 Sept., 1681.
Hensel, Luise
Poetess and convert; born at Linum, 30 March, 1798; died. at Paderborn, 18 December, 1876.
Henten, John
John Henton, Biblical exegete, born 1499 at Nalinnes Belgium; died 10 Oct., 1566.
The science of sacred festivals, embracing the principles of their origin, significance, and historical development, with reference to epochs or incidents in the Christian year.
A titular see of Augustamnica Prima, mentioned by Hierocles (Synecd., 727, 9), by George of Cyprus, and by certain rare documents, as among the thirteen towns of that province.
By the term heptarchy is understood that complexus of seven kingdoms, into which, roughly speaking, Anglo-Saxon Britain was divided for nearly three centuries, until at last the supremacy, about the year 829, fell definitely and finally into the hands of Wessex.
Bishop of Alexandria from 231 or 232; to 247 or 248.
A titular see of Thracia Prima.
Heraldry, Ecclesiastical
Information on heraldry as it is used in and by the Catholic Church.
Herbart and Herbartianism
Article on the life and philosophy of Johann Friedrich Herbart, by Michael Maher.
Herbert of Bosham
A biographer of St. Thomas Becket, dates of birth and death unknown.
Herbert of Derwentwater, Saint
Short biography of the seventh-century anchorite.
Herbert of Lea, Lady Elizabeth
English authoress and philanthropist. (1822-1911)
Herbst, Johann Georg
Born at Rottweil, in Würtemberg, 13 January, 1787; died 31 July, 1836.
Herculano de Carvalho e Araujo, Alejandro
Born at Lisbon, 28 March, 1810; died near Santarem, 13 Sept., 1877.
The name of a German firm of publishers and booksellers.
Herdtrich, Christian Wolfgang
An Austrian Jesuit missionary in China; born at Graz, Styria, 25 June, 1625; d. 18 July, 1684.
The offspring tends to resemble, sometimes with extraordinary closeness, the parents.
Hereford, Ancient Diocese of
Located in England.
Hereswitha, Saint
Also known as Haeresvid or Hereswyde, blood sister of St. Hilda of Whitby. Mother, widow, and nun.
St. Thomas defines heresy: "a species of infidelity in men who, having professed the faith of Christ, corrupt its dogmas".
Hergenröther, Joseph
Church historian and canonist, first Cardinal-Prefect of the Vatican Archives, b. at Würzburg, 15 Sept., 1824; d. at Mehrerau (Bodensee), 3 Oct., 1890.
Archbishop of Milan. (1018-1045)
Heribert, Saint
Archbishop of Cologne, d. 1021.
Heriger of Lobbes
A medieval theologian and historian; born about 925; died 31 October, 1007.
Herincx, William
A theologian, born at Helmond, North Brabant, 1621; died 17 Aug., 1678.
Hermann Contractus
Chronicler, mathematician, and poet. (1013-1054)
Hermann I
Landgrave of Thuringia (1190-1217), famous as a patron of medieval German poets.
Hermann Joseph, Saint
Biographical article on this German Premonstratensian mystic, who died in 1241.
Hermann of Altach
A medieval historian; b. 1200 or 1201; d. 31 July, 1275.
Hermann of Fritzlar
With this name are connected two works on mysticism written in German.
Hermann of Minden
Provincial of the German province of Dominicans; b. at or near Minden on an unknown date; d. shortly after 1294.
Hermann of Salza
Fourth Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, descendant of the noble Thuringian house of Salza; b. 1180 at Langensalza in Thuringia; d. 19 March, 1239, at Barletta in Southern Italy.
First or second century, author of the book called "The Shepherd" (Poimen, Pastor), a work which had great authority in ancient times and was ranked with Holy Scripture.
Hermas, Saint
The Roman Martyrology includes for 18 August Roman martyrs Hermas, Serapion, and Polyaenus. Ten days later a Roman martyr Hermes and Alexandrian martyrs Polienus and Serapion are commemorated. Perhaps they are the same.
Derived from a Greek word connected with the name of the god Hermes, the reputed messenger and interpreter of the gods.
Hermengild, Saint
The son of an Arian Visigothic king. His mother and wife were Catholic, and he converted to Catholicism, and resisted Arianism. He was beheaded in 585.
Hermes, George
Joseph Schulte's treatment of this German religious thinker.
Hermes, Saint
Martyr, Bishop of Salano (Spalato) in Dalmatia.
Hermite, Charles
Mathematician, born at Dieuze, Lorraine, 24 December, 1822; d. at Paris, 14 January, 1901;
Also called anchorites, men who fled the society of their fellow-men to dwell alone in retirement.
Hermits of St. Augustine
A religious order which in the thirteenth century combined several monastic societies into one, under this name.
A group of mountains forming the southern extremity of Anti-Lebanon, and marking on the east of the Jordan the northern boundary of Israel.
Hermopolis Magna
A titular see of Thebais Prima, suffragan of Antinoe, in Egypt.
Hermopolis Parva
A titular see of Ægyptus Prima, suffragan of Alexandria.
Herod was the name of many rulers mentioned in the N.T. and in history. It was known long before the time of the biblical Herods.
Wife of Herod Philip, and mistress of Herod Antipas.
Heroic Act of Charity
A decree of the Sacred Congregation of Indulgences dated 18 December, 1885, and confirmed the following day by Leo XIII.
Heroic Virtue
St. Augustine first applied the pagan title of hero to the Christian martyrs.
Herp, Henry
A fifteenth century Franciscan of the Strict Observance and a distinguished writer on mysticism.
Herrad of Landsberg
A twelfth-century abbess, author of the "Hortus Deliciarum"; born about 1130, at the castle of Landsberg, the seat of a noble Alsatian family; died 1195.
There were three artists of the name of Herregouts, father, son, and grandson, of whom the chief was Hendrik, the son of David, and the father of Jan.
Herrera Barnuevo, Sebastiano de
A painter, architect, sculptor and etcher; born in Madrid, 1611 or 1619; died there, 1671.
Herrera y Tordesillas, Antonio de
A Spanish historian; born at Cuellar, in the province of Segovia, in 1559; died at Madrid, 27 March, 1625.
Herrera, Fernando de
A Spanish lyric poet; born 1537; died 1597.
Herrera, Francisco
A Spanish painter, etcher, medallist, and architect; born in Seville, 1576; died in Madrid, 1656.
Herrgott, Marquard
A Benedictine historian and diplomat. (1694-1762)
An ancient imperial abbey of the Benedictine Order.
Hervetus, Gentian
French theologian and controversialist; b. at Olivet, near Orléans, in 1499; d. at Reims, 12 September, 1584.
Hervás y Panduro, Lorenzo
Spanish Jesuit and famous philologist; b. at Horcajo, 1 May, 1735; d. at Rome, 24 August, 1809.
A titular see of the province of Arabia, suffragan of Bostra.
The name of a German tribe, and also a district in Germany extending along the Lahn, Eder, Fulda, Werra, and the Lower Main and Rhine.
Hessels, Jean
A distinguished theologian of Louvain; born 1522; died 1566.
Hesychasts (hesychastes -- quietist) were people, nearly all monks, who defended the theory that it is possible by an elaborate system of asceticism, detachment from earthly cares, submission to an approved master, prayer, especially perfect repose of body and will, to see a mystic light; which is none other than the uncreated light of God.
Hesychius of Alexandria
Grammarian and lexicographer; of uncertain date, but assigned by most authorities to the later fourth or earlier fifth century.
Hesychius of Jerusalem
Presbyter and exegete, probably of the fifth century.
Hesychius of Sinai
A priest and monk of the Order of St. Basil in the Thorn-bush (Batos) monastery on Mt. Sinai, and ascetic author of the Byzantine period in literature.
One of the many peoples of North-Western Asia, styled Hittim in the Hebrew Bible, Khuti or Kheta on the Egyptian monuments, and Hatti in the cuneiform documents.
Hettinger, Franz
A Catholic theologian; born 13 January, 1819, at Aschaffenburg; died 26 January, 1890, at Würzburg.
Heude, Pierre
Missionary to China and zoologist. (1836-1902)
Hewett, John
English martyr; son of William Hewett of York; date of birth unknown; executed at Mile End Green, 6 October, 1588.
Hewit, Augustine Francis
Priest and second Superior General of the Institute of St. Paul the Apostle. (1820-1897)
Signifies a term of six days, or, technically, the history of the six days' work of creation, as contained in the first chapter of Genesis.
Article on Origen's compilation of six ancient versions of the Bible in parallel columns, his purpose and the principles that guided his work.
A name commonly used by the critics to designate the first six books of the Old Testament, i.e. the Pentateuch and Josue.
Hexham and Newcastle
Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle (Hagulstadensis et Novocastrensis).
Heynlin of Stein, Johann
A theologian, born about 1425; died at Basle, 12 March, 1496.
Heywood, Jasper and John
Jasper Heywood, poet and translator; born 1535 in London; died 1598 at Naples. John Heywood, father of Jasper, dramatist and epigrammatist; born probably c. 1497; died about 1580.
Hibernians, Ancient Order of
This organization grew up gradually among the Catholics of Ireland owing to the dreadful hardships and persecutions to which they were subjected.
Hickey, Antony
A theologian, born in the Barony of Islands, Co. Clare, Ireland, in 1586; died in Rome, 26 June, 1641.
Hidalgo, Miguel
Mexican patriot. (1753-1811)
Titular see of Phrygia Salutaris.
Titular Archdiocese, metropolis of the Province of Euphrates, in the Patriarchate of Antioch.
This word has been used to denote the totality of ruling powers in the Church, ever since the time of the Pseudo-Dionysius Areopagita (sixth century), who consecrated the expression in his works, "The Celestial Hierarchy" and "The Ecclesiastical Hierarchy".
Hierarchy of the Early Church
The word hierarchy is used here to denote the three grades of bishop, priest, and deacon (ministri).
A titular see of Lydia, suffragan of Sardis.
In the fourth century, certain Roman ladies, following St. Paula, embraced the religious life in Bethlehem, putting themselves under the direction of St. Jerome, who had founded a monastery in that city.
All attempts to establish as historical a personality corresponding to the Hierotheus who appears in the writings of Pseudo-Dionysius are rendered abortive by the fact, now definitely proven, that those writings, with intent to mislead, weave into their narrative various fictitious personalities of the Apostolic Era, such as Peter, James, John, Timothy, Carpus, and others.
Higden, Ranulf
Benedictine chronicler. (d. 1364)
High Altar
The chief altar in a church, raised on an elevated plane in the sanctuary, where it may be seen simultaneously by all the faithful in the body of the church.
Hilarion, Saint
Hermit, died in about 371.
Hilarius of Sexten
Moral theologian. (1839-1900)
Hilarus, Pope Saint
As an archdeacon, he had acted as one of Pope St. Leo the Great's legates at the "Robber Synod." Biographical article.
Hilary of Arles, Saint
Biographical article on this 5th-century archbishop.
Hilary of Poitiers, Saint
Biographical article on this bishop, a staunch opponent of Arianism, who died in 368. Includes bibliography.
Hilda, Saint
Biographical article on the influential abbess, who died in 680.
Hildebert of Lavardin
Bishop of Le Mans, Archbishop of Tours, and celebrated medieval poet; b. about 1056, at the Castle of Lavardin near Montoir on the Loire; d. 8 December, 1133 or 1134.
Hildegard, Saint
Seer and prophet, Sibyl of the Rhine, d. 1179. Never formally canonized, but she is listed in the Roman Martyrology.
An exempt see, comprising the Prussian province of Hanover east of the Weser, besides the Duchy of Brunswick.
Hilduin, Abbot of St-Denis
Died 22 November, 840.
Short essay on the Jewish rabbi and philosopher.
Hilton, Walter
Article about the spiritual writings of this Augustinian mystic, d. 1396.
A titular see in the province of Osrhoene, suffragan of Edessa.
An Archbishop of Tarragona in Spain, 385.
Archbishop of Reims.
A bishop of Laon, died 879.
Hinderer, Roman
A German missionary in China, born at Reiningen, near Mülhausen, in Alsace, 21 Sept., 1668; died 24 Aug., 1744.
The conglomeration of religious beliefs and practices existing in India that have grown out of ancient Brahminism.
Hingston, Sir William Hales
Canadian physician and surgeon, b. at Hinchinbrook near Huntingdon, Quebec, June 29, 1829; d. at Montreal, 19 February, 1907.
Hippo Diarrhytus
Titular see of Northern Africa.
Hippo Regius
Titular see of Numidia.
Hippolytus of Rome, Saint
Presbyter, antipope, martyr, died about 236.
Hippolytus, Saints
Several mentions of a saint or saints named Hippolytus occur in the Roman Martyrology. Some must be identified with Hippolytus of Rome, but at least one (a "Greek martyr") cannot possibly be the same person as the Roman presbyter.
Titular see of Tunis.
Hirschau, Abbey of
A celebrated Benedictine monastery in Würtemberg, Diocese of Spires.
Hirscher, Johann Baptist von
Professor of moral theology and catechetics at the University of Freiburg in the Breisgau.
History, Ecclesiastical
A survey of the role of church history, the history of the Catholic Church and historiography of church history.
Hittorp, Melchior
A theologian and liturgical writer, born about 1525, at Cologne; died there in 1584.
Hladnik, Franz von Paula
Botanist and schoolmaster. (1773-1844)
Archdiocese comprises Tasmania, Bruni Island, and the Cape Barren, Flinders, King, and other islands in Bass Straits.
Hofer, Andreas
A patriot and soldier, born at St. Leonhard in Passeyrthale, Tyrol, 22 Nov., 1767; executed at Mantua, 20 Feb., 1810.
Hogan, John Baptist
Better known, on account of his long sojourn in France, as Abbé Hogan. (1829-1901)
Hohenbaum van der Meer, Moritz
A Benedictine historian; born at Spörl near Belgrade, 25 June, 1718; died at the monastery of Rheinau, near Schaffhausen in Switzerland, 18 December, 1795.
A suppressed nunnery, situated on the Odilienberg, the most famous of the Vosges mountains in Alsace.
Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, Alexander Leopold
A titular Bishop of Sardica, famous for his many supposedly miraculous cures. (1794-1849)
Holbein, Hans
A German painter; b. at Augsburg about 1460; d. at Isenheim, Alsace, in 1524.
Holden, Henry
An English priest; born 1596; died March, 1662.
Holiness or sanctity is the outcome of sanctification, that Divine act by which God freely justifies us, and by which He has claimed us for His own; by our resulting sanctity, in act as well as in habit, we claim Him as our Beginning and as the End towards which we daily unflinchingly tend.
Hollanders in the United States
Statistics and other information about Dutch immigrants.
Holmes, John
Catholic educator and priest; born at Windsor, Vermont, in 1799; died at Lorette, near Quebec, Canada, in 1852.
As suggested by its Greek origin (holos "whole", and kaustos "burnt") the word designates an offering entirely consumed by fire, in use among the Jews and some pagan nations of antiquity. [Definition from 1910.]
Holstenius, Lucas
German philologist, b. at Hamburg, 1596; d. at Rome, 2 February, 1661.
Holtei, Karl von
German novelist, poet, and dramatist; b. at Breslau, 24 January, 1798; d. in that city, 12 February, 1880.
Holy Agony, Archconfraternity of
An association for giving special honour to the mental sufferings of Christ during His Agony in the Garden of Gethsemani.
Holy Alliance
The Emperor Francis I of Austria, King Frederick William III of Prussia, and the Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed a treaty on 26 September, 1815, by which they united in a "Holy Alliance."
Holy Child Jesus, Society of the
Founded in England in 1840 by Mrs. Cornelia Connelly, née Peacock, a native of Philadelphia, U.S.A., who had become a convert to the Catholic Faith in 1835.
Holy Childhood, Association of the
A children's association for the benefit of foreign missions.
Holy Coat
The possession of the seamless garment of Christ, for which the soldiers cast lots at the Crucifixion, is claimed by the cathedral of Trier and by the parish church of Argenteuil.
Holy Communion
By Communion is meant the actual reception of the Sacrament of the Eucharist.
Holy Cross Abbey
The ruins of this monastery are situated on the right bank of the River Suir, about three miles south-west of the cathedral town of Thurles, Co. Tipperary.
Holy Cross, Congregation of
A body of priests and lay brothers constituted in the religious state by the simple vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, and bearing the common name of Religious of Holy Cross.
Holy Cross, Sisters Marianites of
Founded in 1841, in the parish of Holy Cross near Le Mans, Sarthe, France, by a priest of the same city, Basile-Antoine Moreau.
Holy Cross, Sisters of the
Mother House, St. Mary's of the Immaculate Conception, Notre Dame, Indiana.
Holy Faith, Sisters of the
Founded at Dublin, in 1857, by Margaret Aylward, under the direction of Rev. John Gowan, C.M., for the care of Catholic orphans.
Holy Family, Archconfraternity of the
This archconfraternity owes its origin to Henri Belletable, an officer in the Engineers' Corps, Liege, Belgium.
Holy Family, Congregations of the
Details of various groups by this name.
Holy Ghost
The doctrine of the Catholic Church concerning the Holy Ghost forms an integral part of her teaching on the mystery of the Holy Trinity.
Holy Ghost, Orders of the
The Hospital of the Holy Ghost at Rome was the cradle of an order, which, beginning in the thirteenth century, spread throughout all the countries of Christendom, and whose incalculable services have been recognized by every historian of medicine.
Holy Ghost, Religious Congregations of the
Several groups by this name are covered.
Holy Humility of Mary, Sisters of the
Founded at Dommartin-sous-Amance, France, in 1855, by John Joseph Begel (b. 5 April, 1817; d. 23 Jan., 1884), pastor of the two villages of Laitre and Dommartin.
Holy Infancy, Brothers of the
Founded in 1853 by the Right Rev. John Timon, the first Bishop of Buffalo. The special aim of this congregation is the sanctification of its members and the care of destitute and wayward boys.
Holy Innocents
Fairly long article on these children, and the commemoration of their martyrdom. Both Western and Eastern Christianity.
Holy Name of Jesus
Reverence for the name of Jesus is not optional for believers. Article highlights the Scriptural reasons, and describes some customary ways of showing reverence.
Holy Name, Feast of the
Formerly the second Sunday after Epiphany, no longer on the Roman Calendar. Article's value is mostly historical. Mentions some of the more beautiful hymns addressed to Jesus.
Holy Name, Society of the
A.k.a. Holy Name Society. Men's confraternity to encourage prayer.
Holy Oils
Oil is a product of great utility the symbolic signification of which harmonizes with its natural uses. It serves to sweeten, to strengthen, to render supple; and the Church employs it for these purposes in its rites.
Holy Oils, Vessels for
In Christian antiquity there existed an important category of vessels used as receptacles for holy oil.
Holy Saturday
In the early Church this was the only Saturday on which fasting was permitted (Constit. Apost., VII, 23), and the fast was one of special severity.
Holy See
A term derived from the enthronement-ceremony of the bishops of Rome.
Holy Sepulchre
The tomb in which the Body of Jesus Christ was laid after His death upon the Cross.
Holy Sepulchre, Canonesses Regular of the
Concerning the foundation there is only a tradition connecting it with St. James the Apostle and representing St. Helena as invested with the habit by St. Macanus, Bishop of Jerusalem.
Holy Sepulchre, Fathers of the
Franciscan Fathers, who with lay brothers keep watch over the Holy Sepulchre and the sanctuaries of the basilica.
Holy Sepulchre, Knights of the
A secular confraternity which gradually grew up around the most august of the Holy Places.
Holy Synod
The name of the council by which the Church of Russia and, following its example, many other Orthodox Churches are governed.
Holy Water
In the earliest Christian times, water was used for expiatory and purificatory purposes, to a way analogous to its employment under the Jewish Law.
Holy Water Fonts
Vessels intended for the use of holy water.
Holy Week
The week which precedes the great festival of the Resurrection on Easter Sunday, and which consequently is used to commemorate the Passion of Christ, and the event which immediately led up to it.
Holyrood Abbey
Located in Edinburgh, Scotland; founded in 1128 by King David I for the Canons Regular of St. Augustine, probably brought from St. Andrews.
Two documents of the twelfth century, preserved in the British Museum, and printed by the Bollandists, give its history, with the earliest record of the miraculous cures effected by its waters.
Holywood, Christopher
Jesuit; b. At Artane, Dublin, in 1559; d. 4 September, 1626.
Holzhauser, Bartholomew
Parish priest, ecclesiastical writer, and founder of a religious community; born 24 Aug., 1613, at Laugna in the Diocese of Augsburg, Bavaria; died 20 May, 1658.
This term, when used in an eleemosynary sense, covers all institutions that afford the general comforts of domestic life to persons who are defective and dependent.
Signifies, in general, the killing of a human being. In practice, however, the word has come to mean the unjust taking away of human life, perpetrated by one distinct from the victim and acting in a private capacity.
Lengthy historical article. Includes extensive bibliography.
A collection of homilies, or familiar explanations of the Gospels.
Etymology, early development. Also a summary of four ways of preaching on Scripture.
The word used by the Council of Nicaea (325) to express the Divinity of Christ.
The territory of the vicariate is co-extensive with that of the British Crown Colony of the same name.
A prefect Apostolic under the Bishop of Macao was nominated by Gregory XVI (1846); a vicariate Apostolic was created in 1874.
Honoratus a Sancta Maria
A Discalced Carmelite; born at Limoges, 4 July, 1651 ; died at Lille, 1729.
Honoratus, Saint
Founder of the famous monastery at Lérins, Archbishop of Arles, d. 429.
Honorius I, Pope
Reigned 625-638.
Honorius II, Pope
Archdeacon of Bologna. Died at Rome, 14 February, 1130.
Honorius III, Pope
Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227.
Honorius IV, Pope
Born at Rome about 1210; died at Rome, 3 April, 1287.
Honorius of Autun
A theologian, philosopher, and encyclopedic writer who lived in the first half of the twelfth century.
Honorius, Flavius
Roman Emperor, d. 25 August, 423.
Honorius, Saint
Archbishop of Canterbury, d. 653.
May be defined as the deferential recognition by word or sign of another's worth or station.
Hontheim, Johannes Nicolaus von
An auxiliary Bishop of Trier; born at Trier, 27 January, 1701; died at Montquentin, near Orval, 2 Sept., 1790.
A flexible, conical, brimless head-dress, covering the entire head, except the face.
Hoogstraten, Jacob van
A theologian and controversialist, born about 1460, in Hoogstraeten, Belgium; died in Cologne, 24 January, 1527.
Hooke, Luke Joseph
Born at Dublin in 1716; died at St. Cloud, Paris, 16 April, 1796, son of Nathaniel Hooke the historian.
The desire of something together with the expectation of obtaining it.
Hope-Scott, James Robert
Parliamentary barrister, Q.C.; b. 15 July, 1812, at Great Marlow, Berkshire, England; d. in London, 29 April, 1873.
Hopi Indians
A tribe of Pueblo Indians of Shoshonean stock.
Hopkins, Gerard Manley
Jesuit and poet. (1844-1889)
Hormisdas, Pope Saint
Died 523. The father of Pope Silverius.
Hornyold, John Joseph
A titular Bishop of Phiomelia, Vicar Apostolic of the Midland District, England; born 19 February, 1706; died at Longbirch, Staffordshire, 26 December, 1778.
Hortulus Animæ
A prayer book popular in the early years of the sixteenth century.
The general opinion is that of St. Jerome, that the word originated from two Hebrew words of Psalm cxvii (cxviii), 25. This psalm, was recited by one of the priests every day during the procession round the altar, during the Feast of Tabernacles, when the people were commanded to "rejoice before the Lord" (Lev., xxiii, 40); and on the seventh day it was recited each time during the seven processions.
Hosius of Cordova
The foremost Western champion of orthodoxy in the early anti-Arian struggle; born about 256; died about 358.
Hosius, Stanislaus
Cardinal and Prince-Bishop of Ermland; born of German parents at Cracow, 5 May, 1504; died at Capranica, near Rome, S August, 1579.
During the early centuries of Christianity the hospice was a shelter for the sick, the poor, the orphans, the old, the travellers and the needy of every kind.
Hospital Sisters of the Mercy of Jesus
These sisters are established in religion under the Rule of St. Augustine (q. v.), the institute being dependent on the pope represented by the bishop.
In the religious orders the duty of hospitality was insisted upon from the beginning both in East and West.
During the Middle Ages, among the hospitals established throughout, religious of both sexes lived under one roof, following the Rule of St. Augustine.
Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem
The most important of all the military orders, both for the extent of its area and for its duration.
Originally, hospital meant a place where strangers or visitors were received; in the course of time, its use was restricted to institutions for the care of the sick.
Hospitius, Saint
Popularly known as Sospis. A hermit, he died in 581.
Hossche, Sidron de
Poet and priest; born at Mercken, West Flanders, in 1596; died at Tongres in 1653.
Archaeological and historical aspects.
Host, Johann
One of the seven Dominicans, who distinguished themselves in the struggle against Luther in Cologne.
One of three tribes of South Africa which may be divided Bantus, Hottentots, and Bushmen.
Houbigant, Charles François
Oratorian, one of the ablest Biblical scholars of his time. Born in Paris, 1686; died there 31 October, 1783.
Houdon, Jean-Antoine
Born at Versailles, 1741; died 16 July, 1828; the most distinguished sculptor of France during the latter half of the eighteenth century.
Houdry, Vincent
Preacher and writer on ascetics; b. 23 January, 1631, at Tours; d. 21 March, 1729, at Paris.
Houghton, William
Archbishop of Dublin, date and place of birth unknown; died at Dijon, 1298.
Hours, Canonical
Essay on the practice of reciting the Divine Office according to set hours.
Hove, Peter van
Friar Minor, lector in theology and exegete; b. at Rethy, in Campine (Belgium); d. at Antwerp, in 1793.
Howard, Mary, of the Holy Cross
Poor Clare, born 28 December, 1653; died at Rouen, 21 Mary's 1735.
Howard, Philip Thomas
Dominican and cardinal, commonly called the "Cardinal of Norfolk"; born at Arundel House, London, 21 September, 1629; died at Rome, 17 June, 1694.
A celebrated nun-poetess of the tenth century, whose name has been given in various forms, Roswitha, Hrotswitha, Hrosvitha, and Hrotsuit; born probably between 930 and 940, died about 1002.
Huajuápam de León
Diocese in the State of Oaxaca, Mexico, erected by Bull of Leo XIII.
Suffragan of Lima in Peru.
Suffragan of Lima. It comprises the entire department of Ancachs in the Republic of Peru.
Huber, Alphons
Historian; born 14 October, 1834, at Fügen, Zillerthal (Tyrol); died 23 November, 1898, at Vienna.
Hubert Walter
Archbishop of Canterbury (1193-1205); died 13 July, 1205.
Hubert, Jean-François
The ninth Bishop of Quebec, born at Quebec, 23 February, 1739; died 17 October, 1799.
Hubert, Saint
Confessor, first bishop of Liège, d. 727 or 728.
Hubert, Saint, Military Orders of
The highest order of Bavaria, founded in 1444 or 1445 by Gerhard V, Duke of Jülich, in commemoration of a victory gained on St. Hubert's day (3 Nov.); some, however, date the establishment as late as 1473 and 1475.
Huc, Evariste Régis
A French Lazarist missionary and traveller; born at Caylus (Tarn-et-Garonne), 1 June, 1813; died at Paris, 26 March, 1860.
Hucbald of St-Amand
A Benedictine monk; born in 840; died in 930 or 932.
Huddleston, John
Monk of the Order of St. Benedict; b. at Farington Hall, Lancashire, 15 April, 1608; exact date of death unknown; buried at London, 13 September, 1698.
Hueber, Fortunatus
A Franciscan historian and theologian, born at Neustadt on the Danube; died 12 Feb., 1706, at Munich.
Huelgas de Burgos
Founded by Alfonso VIII at the instance of his consort, Doña Leonor of England, about the year 1180.
Diocese embracing parts of the province of Huesca in north-eastern Spain, seven parishes in the Broto valley and three within the limits of the Archdiocese of Saragossa, one parish being situated in the city of Saragossa itself.
Huet, Pierre-Daniel
A distinguished savant and celebrated French bishop; born 8 February, 1630, at Caen (Normandy), where his father, a convert from Calvinism, was sheriff; died at Paris, 26 January, 1721.
Hug, Johann Leonhard
A German Catholic exegete, b. at Constance, 1 June, 1765; d. at Freiburg im Br., 11 March, 1846.
Hugh Capet
King of France, founder of the Capetian dynasty, b. about the middle of the tenth century; d. about 996, probably 24 October.
Hugh Faringdon, Blessed
His family name was Cook; Faringdon is his probable birthplace. Mitred abbot of Reading. When he refused to surrender the abbey, he was condemned to death. Martyred in 1539.
Hugh Green, Blessed
An English priest who had converted to Catholicism. He was martyred in a brutal way in 1642.
Hugh of Digne
Friar Minor and ascetical writer; b. at Digne, south-east France, date uncertain; d. at Marseilles about 1285.
Hugh of Flavigny
Benedictine monk and historian; b. about 1064, probably at Verdun (Lorraine); d. before the middle of the twelfth century.
Hugh of Fleury
Benedictine monk and ecclesiastical writer; d. not before 1118.
Hugh of Lincoln, Saint
Biography of this Augustinian and later a Carthusian, d. 1200, canonized 1220.
Hugh of Remiremont
Cardinal, born of a noble family, probably in Lorraine, died soon after 1098.
Hugh of St-Cher
Dominican cardinal. (1200-1263)
Hugh of St. Victor
Lengthy essay on the life and writings of this philosopher, theologian, and mystical writer.
Hugh of Strasburg
Theologian, flourished during the latter half of the thirteenth century.
Hugh Taylor, Blessed
The first (November 1585) to suffer martyrdom for the crime of being a priest in England who had studied abroad; the following day, a layman who had outwardly conformed was martyred for the newly defined felony of harboring such a person.
Hugh the Great, Saint
Biographical article on the distinguished and influential Abbot of Cluny, d. 1109.
Hugh, Saint
Article on Little St. Hugh of Lincoln.
Hughes, John
Fourth bishop and first Archbishop of New York, born at Annaloghan, Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 24 June, 1797 of Patrick Hughes and Margaret McKenna: died in New York, 3 January, 1864.
Hugo, Charles-Hyacinthe
Historiographer of the Norbertine Order. (1667-1739)
Italian canonist, b. at Pisa, date unknown; d. in 1210.
An extensive history of this French Protestant tradition.
Hulst, Maurice Le Sage d'Hauteroche d'
A prelate, writer, orator; born at Paris, 10 Oct., 1841; died there, 6 Nov., 1896.
The name given to the intellectual, literary, and scientific movement of the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, which aimed at basing every branch of learning on the literature and culture of classical antiquity.
Humbert of Romans
Fifth Dominican master general. (1194-1277)
Humeral Veil
The name given to a cloth of rectangular shape about 8 ft. long and 1 1/2 ft. wide.
A penitential order dating back, according to some authorities, to the beginning of the eleventh, but more probably to the beginning of the twelfth century, to the reign of Emperor Henry V, who, after quelling a rebellion in Lombardy, led the principal nobles of the cities implicated back to Germany as captives.
The word humility signifies lowliness or submissiveness an it is derived from the Latin humilitas or, as St. Thomas says, from humus, i.e. the earth which is beneath us.
Humphrey Middlemore, Blessed
English Carthusian priest and martyr, was executed in 1535 for unwillingness to take the oath of supremacy.
Hungarian Catholics in America
Information about immigrants from this country.
Hungarian Literature
History from the pre-Reformation period to the modern period.
History of the country.
Hunolt, Franz
The most popular German preacher of the early part of the eighteenth century, b. 31 March, 1691, at Siegen; d. 12 September, 1746, at Trier.
Hunter, Sylvester Joseph
English Jesuit priest and educator; b. at Bath, 13 Sept., 1829; d. at Stonyhurst, 20 June, 1896.
Hunting, Canons on
From early times, hunting, in one form or another has been forbidden to clerics.
Huntington, Jedediah Vincent
Clergyman, novelist; born 20 January, 1815, in New York City; died 10 March, 1862, at Pau, France.
Hunyady, János
Governor of Hungary, born about 1400; died 11 August, 1456.
Huron Indians
If language may be taken as a fair criterion to go by, the Hurons proper were the original stock from which sprang all the branches of the great Iroquoian family, whether included in the primitive federation of the Five Nations, or standing apart territorially, within historical times, as did the Tuskaroras, the Cherokees, and the Andastes.
Hurtado, Caspar
A Spanish Jesuit and theologian, b. at Mondejar, New Castle, in 1575; d. at Alcalá, 5 August, 1647.
Several members of this family detailed.
Hus, Jan
Biographical article, with extensive hyperlinks.
Husenbeth, Frederick Charles
Writer and editor, born at Bristol, 30 May, 1796; died at Cossey, Norfolk, 31 October, 1872.
Hussey, Thomas
Bishop of Waterford and Lismore, b. at Ballybogan, Co. Meath, in 1746; d. at Tramore, Co. Waterford, 11 July, 1803.
The followers of Jan Hus did not of themselves assume the name of Hussites. Like Hus, they believed their creed to be truly Catholic; in papal and conciliar documents they appear as Wycliffites, although Hus and even Jerome of Prague are also named as their leaders.
Hutton, Peter
Priest, b. at Holbeck, Leeds, Yorkshire, England, 29 June, 1811; d. at Ratcliffe, Leicestershire, England, 2 Sept., 1880.
Huysmans, Joris Karl
French novelist. (1848-1907)
Hyacinth, Saint
Polish Dominican, died in 1257.
Hyacintha Mariscotti, Saint
Third Order Franciscan, founder of the Oblates of Mary (Sacconi), died 1640.
Hydatius of Lemica
Chronicler and bishop. (d. 468)
Hyderabad-Deccan, Diocese of
Hyderabad, also called Bhagnagar, and Fakhunda Bunyad, capital of the Nizam's dominions, was founded in 1589, by Mohammed Kuli, King of Golconda.
Hyginus, Pope Saint
Greek by birth, the successor of Pope Telesphorus. Died in about 142.
The doctrine according to which all matter possesses life.
A derivative of the Latin hymnus, which comes from the Greek hymnos, derived from hydein, to sing.
Hymnody and Hymnology
Hymnody means exactly "hymn song", but as the hymn-singer as well as the hymn-poet are included under (hymnodos), so we also include under hymnody the hymnal verse or religious lyric. Hymnology is the science of hymnody or the historico-philogical investigation and aesthetic estimation of hymns and hymn writers.
The nervous sleep, induced by artificial and external means, which has been made the subject of experiment and methodical study by men of science, physicians or physiologists.
The pretension to qualities which one does not possess, or, more cognately to the scope of this article, the putting forward of a false appearance of virtue or religion.
Hypostatic Union
A theological term used with reference to the Incarnation to express the revealed truth that in Christ one person subsists in two natures, the Divine and the human.
A distinct Jewish-pagan sect which flourished from about 200 B.C. to about A.D. 400, mostly in Asia Minor (Cappadocia Bithynia, Pontus) and on the South Russian coasts of the Euxine Sea.
Titular see of Asia Minor.
Hyrtl, Joseph
Austrian anatomist, b. at Eisenstadt in Hungary, December 7, 1810; d. 17 July, 1894, on his estate near Vienna.
A plant which is referred to in a few passages of Holy Writ, and which cannot be identified with certainty at the present day.
Hôpital, Guillaume-François-Antoine de L'
Marquis de Sainte-Mesme and Comte d'Entremont, French mathematician; b. at Paris, 1661; d. at Paris, 2 February, 1704.
Höfler, Konstantin von
Historian; born at Memmingen, Bavaria, 26 March, 1811; died at Prague, 29 December, 1898.
Hübner, Alexander, Count
An Austrian statesman, born 26 Nov., 1811; died 30 July, 1892.
Hüffer, Hermann
Historian and jurist; born 24 March, 1830, at Münster in Westphalia; died at Bonn, 15 March, 1905.
Hülshoff, Annette Elisabeth, Baroness von
Biographical article on "Germany's greatest poetess."
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January 2, 2007 at 16:42:38 UTC
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