Faa di Bruno, Francesco
Italian mathematician and priest. (1825-1888)
Faber, Felix
German writer, born about 1441 at Zurich, of a famous family commonly known as Schmid; died in 1502 at Ulm, Germany.
Faber, Frederick William
Oratorian and devotional writer. (1814-1863)
Faber, Johann
Theologian. (1478-1541)
Faber, Johann
Controversialist and preacher. (1504-1558)
Faber, Johann Augustanus
Theologian, born at Fribourg, Switzerland, c. 1470; died about 1531.
Faber, Matthias
Writer and preacher, born at Altomünster, Germany, 24 February, 1586; died at Tyrnau, 26 April 1653.
Faber, Philip
Theologian, philosopher and noted commentator of Duns Scotus. (1564-1630)
Fabian, Pope Saint
Biography of this pope who was martyred in 250.
Fabiola, Saint
Divorced, remarried, widowed, penitent, renowned for her generosity. She died in 399 or 400.
Fabre, Joseph
Second Superior General of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate. (1824-1892)
Fabri, Honoré
Jesuit, theologian, b. about 1607 in the Department of Ain, France; d. at Rome, 8 March, 1688.
Fabriano and Matelica
Fabriano, a city in the province of Macerata, Central Italy, is noted for its paper manufactories and its trade in salted fish. The town of Matelica possesses some ancient inscriptions. A Roman colony was established there in 89 B.C.
Fabrica Ecclesiæ
Latin term, meaning, etymologically, the construction of a church, but in a broader sense the funds necessary for such construction.
Fabricius, Hieronymus
Italian anatomist and surgeon. 1537-1619)
Fabyan, Robert
English chronicler, died 28 February, 1513.
The face or front of any building. In ecclesiastical architecture the term is generally used to designate the west front; sometimes the transept fronts.
Facciolati, Jacopo
Lexicographer and philologist. (1682-1769)
Faculties of the Soul
Article covers the meaning and classification.
Faculties, Canonical
In law, a faculty is the authority, privilege, or permission, to perform an act or function.
Facundus of Hermiane
A sixth-century Christian author, Bishop of Hermiane in Africa, about whose career very little is known.
Diocese in the province of Ravenna (Central Italy), suffragan of Ravenna.
Fagnani, Prospero
Canonist, b. in Italy, place and date of birth uncertain; d. in 1678.
Fagnano, Giulio Carlo de' Toschi di
Mathematician. (1682-1766)
Faillon, Etienne-Michel
Historian. (1800-1870)
In the Old Testament, the Hebrew word means essentially steadfastness. As signifying man's attitude towards God it means trustfulness or fiducia.
Faith, Hope & Charity, Saints
Two groups of martyrs. The first were martyred along with their mother Sophia during the reign of Hadrian, and buried on the Aurelian Way. The second band, also along with someone named Sophia, were martyred at a later date, and buried along the Appian Way.
Faith, The Rule of
The word rule (Lat. regula, Gr. kanon) means a standard by which something can be tested, and the rule of faith means something extrinsic to our faith, and serving as its norm or measure.
Faithful, The
Those who have bound themselves to a religious association, whose doctrine they accept, and into whose rites they have been initiated. Among Christians the term is applied to those who have been fully initiated by baptism and, regularly speaking, by confirmation.
Falco, Juan Conchillos
Painter, b. at Valencia of an ancient noble family in 1641; d. 14 May, 1711.
A movable folding chair used in pontifical functions by the bishop outside of his cathedral, or within it if he is not at his throne or cathedra.
Falkner, Thomas
Surgeon and missionary. (1707-1784)
Fall River
A suffragan see of the Province of Boston; comprises the counties of Bristol, Barnstable, Dukes, and Nantucket, with the towns of Marion, Mattapoisett and Wareham in Plymouth county, Massachusetts.
Fallopio, Gabriello
Anatomist. (1523-1562)
Falloux du Coudray
Frédéric Alfred Pierre. (1811-1885)
False Decretals
A name given to certain apocryphal papal letters contained in a collection of canon laws composed about the middle of the ninth century by an author who uses the pseudonym of Isidore Mercator, in the opening preface to the collection.
A perversion of truth originating in the deceitfulness of one party, and culminating in the damage of another party.
A titular see in the Island of Cyprus.
Strictly speaking, seculars subject to a master's authority and maintained at his expense. In canon law the term usually signifies seculars residing in monasteries and other religious houses, actually employed therein as servants and subject to the authority of the regular prelate to the same extent as servants are subject to their masters.
In the classical Roman period the familia rarely included the parents or the children. Its English derivative was frequently used in former times to describe all the persons of the domestic circle, parents, children, and servants. Present usage, however, excludes servants.
Located in Italy.
Shoulder-cape worn by the pope.
Faraud, Henri
Canadian bishop. (1823-1890)
Farfa, Abbey of
A legend in the "Chronicon Farfense" relates the foundation of a monastery at Farfa in the time of the Emperors Julian, or Gratian, by the Syrian St. Laurentius, who had come to Rome with his sister, Susannah, and had been made Bishop of Spoleto.
Diocese; suffragan of St. Paul, U.S.A.
Faribault, George-Barthélemy
Canadian archaeologist. (1789-1866)
Faribault, Jean-Baptiste
Early settler in Minnesota. (1774-1860)
Farinato, Paolo
Italian painter. (1524-1606)
Farlati, Daniele
Ecclesiastical historian. (1690-1773)
Farnese, Alessandro
Cardinal. (1520-1589)
A suffragan of Evora, Portugal, and extending over the province of Algarve.
Faroe Islands
A group of Danish islands rising from the sea some four hundred miles west of Norway and almost as far south of Iceland.
Abstinence from food or drink.
The view which holds that all events in the history of the world, and, in particular, the actions and incidents which make up the story of each individual life, are determined by fate.
Lat. fatum, from fari, to tell or predict.
Fathers of Mercy, The
A congregation of missionary priests first established at Lyons, France, in 1808, and later at Paris, in 1814, and finally approved by Pope Gregory XVI, 18 February, 1834.
Fathers of the Church
The word Father is used in the New Testament to mean a teacher of spiritual things, by whose means the soul of man is born again into the likeness of Christ:
Faunt, Lawrence Arthur
Jesuit theologian. (1554-1590)
Fauriel, Charles-Claude
French historian. (1772-1844)
Faustinus and Jovita, Saints
Brothers martyred at Brescia in 120.
Faustus of Riez
Bishop of Riez in Southern Gaul, the best known and most distinguished defender of Semipelagianism, b. between 405 and 410, d. between 490 and 495.
Faversham Abbey
A former Benedictine monastery of the Cluniac Congregation situated in the County of Kent about nine miles west of Canterbury. It was founded about 1147 by King Stephen and Queen Matilda.
A mental disturbance caused by the perception of instant or future danger.
Fear (from a Moral Standpoint)
Viewed from the moral standpoint, that is, in so far as it is a factor to be reckoned with in pronouncing upon the freedom of human acts, as well as offering an adequate excuse for failing to comply with positive law, particularly if the law be of human origin.
Feast of Fools
A celebration marked by much license and buffoonery, which in many parts of Europe, and particularly in France, during the later Middle Ages took place every year on or about the feast of the Circumcision (1 Jan.).
Feasts, Ecclesiastical
Feast Days, or Holy Days, are days which are celebrated in commemoration of the sacred mysteries and events recorded in the history of our redemption, in memory of the Virgin Mother of Christ, or of His apostles, martyrs, and saints, by special services and rest from work.
The politico-ecclesiastical system outlined by Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, Auxiliary Bishop of Trier, under the pseudonym Justinus Febronius.
Feckenham, John de
Last Abbot of Westminster, and confessor of the Faith; b. in Feckenham Forest, Worcestershire, in 1515(?); d. at Wisbech Castle, 16 Oct., 1585.
Feder, Johann Michael
German theologian. (1753-1824)
Feilding, Rudolph William Basil
English convert. (1823-1892)
Feilmoser, Andreas Benedict
Theologian and Scripture scholar. (1777-1831)
Felbiger, Johann Ignaz von
German Augustinian. (1724-1788)
Felician Sisters, O.S.F.
Founded 21 November, 1855, at Warsaw, Poland, by Mother Mary Angela.
Third-century schismatic.
Felicitas and Perpetua, Saints
Martyred at Carthage in 203.
Felicitas, Saint
Roman martyr. Article explains how she and the seven martyrs who are called her sons have come to have different feast days.
Felix and Adauctus, Saints
Martyrs at Rome in 303. "Adauctus" is not the second martyr's proper name--it means "added."
Felix I, Pope Saint
The successor of Pope St. Dionysius, Felix died in 274. He is sometimes confused with a Roman martyr of the same name.
Felix II
Pope (more properly Antipope), 355-358; d. 22 Nov., 365.
Felix III, Pope Saint
Felix II was an antipope, irregularly imposed by the Arians while Pope Liberius was still alive, so St. Felix III is sometimes called Felix II. Pope St. Felix III was much involved in battling heresy, and died in 492.
Felix IV, Pope Saint
Since Felix II was an antipope imposed by the Arians while Pope Liberius was still alive, St. Felix IV is sometimes called Felix III. Pope St. Felix IV died in 530.
Felix of Cantalice, Saint
Biography of this Capuchin lay brother, known for his goodness, popular with children, d. 1587.
Felix of Nola, Saint
Third-century confessor. Possibly the same as St. Felix of Nola, bishop and martyr.
Felix of Valois, Saint
Co-founder of the Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives, d. 1212.
Felix V
Regnal name of Amadeus of Savoy, Antipope (1440-1449). (1383-1451)
Felix, Célestin Joseph
French Jesuit, b. at Neuville-sur-l' Escaut (Nord), 28 June 1810; d. at Lille, 7 July, 1891.
Feller, François-Xavier de
An author and apologist, b at Brussels 18 August, 1735; d. at Ratisbon 22 May, 1802.
Feneberg, Johann Michael Nathanael
Born in Oberdorf, Allgau, Bavaria, 9 Feb., 1751; died 12 Oct., 1812. He studied at Kaufbeuren and in the Jesuit gymnasium at Augsburg, and in 1770 entered the Society of Jesus, at Landsberg, Bavaria.
Fenelon, François de Salignac de la Mothe-
French bishop and author, b. in the Château de Fénelon in Périgord (Dordogne), 6 August, 1651; d. at Cambrai, 7 January, 1715.
Fenn, John
Born at Montacute near Wells in Somersetshire; d. 27 Dec., 1615. He was the eldest brother of Ven. James Fenn, the martyr, and Robert Fenn, the confessor.
Ferber, Nicolaus
A Friar Minor and controversialist, born at Herborn, Germany, in 1485; died at Toulouse, 15 April, 1534.
Ferdinand II
Emperor, eldest son of Archduke Karl and the Bavarian Princess Maria, b. 1578; d. 15 February, 1637.
Ferdinand III, Saint
King of León and Castile, Third Order Franciscan, d. 1252.
Ferdinand, Blessed
Prince of Portugal, always pious and known for his generosity. When a military mission of his brother failed, Ferdinand offered himself as a hostage, and died in captivity in 1443.
Ferentino, Diocese of
In the province of Rome, immediately subject to the Holy See.
Fergus, Saints
There are at least ten Irish saints named Fergus. This article gives details on three of them: St. Fergus Cruithneach, or the Pict, bishop, d. about 730; St. Fergus, Bishop of Duleek, d. 778; and St. Fergus, Bishop of Downpatrick, d. 583.
A day on which the people, especially the slaves, were not obliged to work, and on which there were no court sessions.
Ferland, Jean-Baptiste-Antoine
A French Canadian historian, b. at Montreal, 25 December, 1805; d. at Quebec, 11 January, 1865.
Fermo, Archdiocese of
In the province of Ascoli Piceno (Central Italy).
Diocese in the province of Leinster (Ireland), suffragan of Dublin.
Fernández de Palencia, Diego
A Spanish conqueror and historian; b. at Palencia in the early part of the sixteenth century.
Fernández, Antonio
A Jesuit missionary; b. at Lisbon, c. 1569; d. at Goa, 12 November, 1642.
Fernández, Juan
A Jesuit lay brother and missionary; b. at Cordova; d. 12 June, 1567, in Japan.
Archdiocese immediately subject to the Holy See.
Ferrari, Gaudenzio
An Italian painter and the greatest master of the Piedmontese School, b. at Valduggia, near Novara. Italy, c. 1470: d. at Milan, 31 January, 1546.
Ferraris, Lucius
An eighteenth-century canonist of the Franciscan Order.
Ferre, Vicente
Theologian. (d. 1682)
Ferreira, Antonio
A poet, important both for his lyric and his dramatic compositions, b. at Lisbon, Portugal, in 1528; d. there of the plague in 1569.
Ferrer, Rafael
A Spanish missionary and explorer; b. at Valencia, in 1570; d. at San José, Peru, in 1611.
Ferrières, Abbey of
Situated in the Diocese of Orléans, department of Loiret, and arrondissement of Montargis.
Ferstel, Heinrich, Freiherr von
Architect; with Hansen and Schmidt, the creator of modern Vienna; b. 7 July, 1828, at Vienna; d. at Grinzing, near Vienna, 14 July, 1883.
Fesch, Joseph
Cardinal, b. at Ajaccio, Corsica, 3 January, 1763; d. at Rome, 13 May, 1839.
Fessler, Josef
Bishop of St. Polten in Austria and secretary of the Vatican Council; b. 2 December, 1813, at Lochau near Bregenz in the Vorarlberg; d. 25 April, 1872.
Feti, Domenico
Italian painter; born at Rome, 1589; died at Venice, 1624.
The word fetish is derived through the Portuguese feitiço from the Latin factitius (facere, to do, or to make), signifying made by art, artificial (cf. Old English fetys in Chaucer).
Feuardent, François
Franciscan, theologian, preacher of the Ligue, b. at Coutanees, Normandy, in 1539; d. at Paris, 1 Jan., 1610.
Feuchtersleben, Baron Ernst von
An Austrian poet, philosopher, and physician; born at Vienna, 29 April, 1806; died 3 September, 1849.
The source of feudalism rises from an intermingling of barbarian usage and Roman law.
The Cistercians who, about 1145, founded an abbey in a shady valley in the Diocese of Rieux (now Toulouse) named it Fuliens, later Les Feuillans or Notre-Dame des Feuillans.
Feuillet, Louis
Geographer, b. at Mane near Forcalquier, France, in 1660; d. at Marseilles in 1732.
Feval, Paul-Henri-Corentin
French novelist. (1817-1887)
Feyjóo y Montenegro, Benito Jerónimo
Spanish writer. (1676-1764)
Fiacc, Saint
Poet, chief bishop of Leinster, d. around 520.
Fiacre, Saint
Biography of this Irish priest and hermit, patron saint of gardeners, d. 670.
Ficino, Marsilio
Entry on this Renaissance Platonist, by M. Schumacher. Details his life and explores his relation to the classical thinkers.
Ficker, Julius
Historian, b. at Paderborn, Germany, 30 April, 1826; d. at Innsbruck, 10 June, 1902.
A philosophical term meaning a system of philosophy or an attitude of mind, which, denying the power of unaided human reason to reach certitude, affirms that the fundamental act of human knowledge consists in an act of faith, and the supreme criterion of certitude is authority.
Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Saint
Former lawyer who joined the Capuchins, and was sent as a missionary to the Calvinists. Martyred in 1622.
Diocese in the province of Tuscany, suffragan of Florence.
Figueroa, Francisco de
A celebrated Spanish poet, surnamed "the Divine", b. at Alcalá de Henares, c. 1540, d. there, 1620.
Figueroa, Francisco García de la Rosa
Franciscan, b. in the latter part of the eighteenth century at Toluca, in the Archdiocese of Mexico; date of death unknown.
Fiji, Vicariate Apostolic of
Comprising the islands belonging to the Fiji Archipelago.
Filelfo, Franscesco
A humanist, b. at Tolentino, 25 July, 1398; d. at Florence 31 July, 1481.
Filial Church
A church to which is annexed the cure of souls, but which remains dependent on another church.
Filicaja, Vincenzo da
Lyric poet; born at Florence, 30 December, 1642; died there 24 September, 1707.
It expresses the Procession of the Holy Ghost from both Father and Son as one Principle; and, it was the occasion of the Greek schism.
Fillastre, Guillaume
French cardinal, canonist, humanist, and geographer. (1348-1428)
Filliucci, Vincenzo
Jesuit moralist. (1566-1622)
Filliucius, Felix
An Italian humanist, philosopher, and theologian, b. at Siena about the year 1525; supposed to have d. at Florence c. 1590.
Finan, Saint
Irish monk, second Bishop of Lindisfarne, d. 661.
Finbarr, Saint
Bishop and patron of Cork, Ireland. (550-623)
As of the time of this article, a department or province of the Russian Empire; bounded on the north by Norway, on the west by Sweden and the Gulf of Bothnia, on the south by the Gulf of Finland.
Finnian of Moville, Saint
Irish monk, author of a monastic rule and a penitential. Also the founder of a famous school in County Down. St. Finnian died in 589.
Finotti, Joseph M.
Italian-American Jesuit in Colorado. (1817-1879)
Fintan, Saints
Brief biographical sketches of two saints of this name: St. Fintan of Clonenagh, and St. Fintan (Munnu) of Taghmon.
Fioretti di San Francesco d'Assisi
Little Flowers of Francis of Assisi, the name given to a classic collection of popular legends about the life of St. Francis of Assisi and his early companions as they appeared to the Italian people at the beginning of the fourteenth century.
Fire, Liturgical Use of
One of the most expressive and most ancient of liturgical symbols.
The notion that the sky was a vast solid dome seems to have been common among the ancient peoples.
Firmicus Maternus
Christian author of the fourth century.
Bishop of Cæsarea in Cappadocia, died c. 269.
The word, though casually taken in Holy Writ in a metaphorical sense, is most generally used by the sacred writers to designate the first male child in a family.
First-fruit offerings are designated in the Law by a threefold name: Bíkkûrîm, Reshîth, and Terûmôth.
Fiscal Procurator
The duties of the fiscal procurator consist in preventing crime and safeguarding ecclesiastical law.
Fischer, Antonius
Cardinal-Archbishop of Cologne. (1840-1912)
Fish, Symbolism of the
The symbol itself may have been suggested by the miraculous multification of the loaves and fishes or the repast of the seven Disciples, after the Resurrection, on the shore of the Sea of Galilee, but its popularity among Christians was due principally, to the famous acrostic consisting of the initial letters of five Greek words forming the word for fish (Ichthys), which words briefly but clearly described the character of Christ and His claim to the worship of believers: Iesous Christos Theou Yios Soter, i.e. Jesus Christ, Son of God, Saviour.
Fisher, Philip
Missionary, b. in Madrid, 1595-6; d. in Maryland, U. S., 1652.
Fitter, Daniel
Born in Worcestershire, England, 1628; died at St. Thomas' Priory, near Stafford, 6 Feb., 1700.
Fitton, James
Missionary, b. at Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A., 10 April, 1805; d. there, 15 Sept., 1881.
Fitz-Simons, Thomas
American merchant, b. in Ireland, 1741; d. at Philadelphia, U.S.A., 26 Aug., 1811.
Fitzalan, Henry
Twelfth Earl of Arundel, b. about 1511; d. in London, 24 Feb., 1580.
Fitzherbert, Anthony, Sir
Judge, b. in 1470; d. 27 May, 1538.
Fitzherbert, Maria Anne
Wife of King George IV; b. 26 July, 1756 (place uncertain); d. at Brighton, England, 29 March, 1837.
Fitzherbert, Thomas
Born 1552, at Swynnerton, Staffs, England; died 17 Aug., 1640, at Rome.
Fitzpatrick, William John
Historian, b. in Dublin, Ireland, 31 Aug., 1830; d. there 24 Dec., 1895.
Fitzralph, Richard
Archbishop of Armagh, b. at Dundalk, Ireland, about 1295; d. at Avignon, 16 Dec., 1360.
Fitzsimon, Henry
Irish Jesuit. (1566-1643)
Fixlmillner, Placidus
Astronomer. (1721-1791)
Fizeau, Armand-Hippolyte-Louis
Physicist. (1819-1896)
A fan made of leather, silk, parchment, or feathers intended to keep away insects from the Sacred Species and from the priest.
Flaccilla, Aelia
Empress, wife of Theodosius the Great, died c. A. D. 385 or 386.
A fanatical and heretical sect that flourished in the thirteenth and succeeding centuries.
Includes history and its use in scripture.
Flaget, Benedict Joseph
First Bishop of Bardstown (subsequently of Louisville), Kentucky, U.S.A. (1763-1850)
Flanagan, Thomas Canon
Canon of Birmingham Diocese. Born in England in 1814, though Irish by descent; died at Kidderminster, 21 July, 1865.
Designated in the eighth century a small territory around Bruges; it became later the name of the country bounded by the North Sea, the Scheldt, and the Canche.
Flandrin, Jean-Hippolyte
French painter. (1809-1864)
Flathead Indians
A name used in both Americas, without special ethnologic significance, to designate tribes practising the custom of compressing the skull in infancy by artificial means.
Flavia Domitilla
A Christian Roman matron of the imperial family who lived towards the close of the first century.
Flavian, Saint
Bishop of Constantinople, excommunicated Eutyches, was the recipient of the famous "Tome of Leo," deposed by the Latrocinium, died from severe beatings in exile in 449.
A titular see of Cilicia Secunda.
Flavigny, Abbey of
Benedictine abbey in the Diocese of Dijon, the department of Côte-d'Or, and arroundissement of Semur.
A titular see in the province of Honorias.
Flechier, Esprit
Bishop; b. at Pernes, France, 1632; died at Montpellier, 1710.
Flemael, Bertholet
Painter, b. at Liège, Flanders, in 1614; d. there in 1675.
Fleming, Patrick
Franciscan friar b. at Lagan, County Louth, Ireland, 17April, 1599; d. 7 November, 1631.
Fleming, Richard
Bishop of Lincoln and founder of Lincoln College, Oxford; b. about 1360; d. at Sleaford, 25 Jan., 1431.
Fleming, Thomas
Archbishop of Dublin, son of the Baron of Slane. (1593-1665)
Fletcher, John
A missionary and theologian; d. about 1848.
Flete, William
An Augustinian hermit friar, a contemporary and great friend of St. Catherine of Siena; the exact place and date of his birth are unknown and those of his death are disputed.
Fleuriot, Zénaide-Marie-Anne
French novelist, b. at Saint-Brieuc, 12 September, 1829; d. at Paris, 18 December, 1890.
Fleury, Abbey of
One of the oldest and most celebrated Benedictine abbeys of Western Europe. Its modern name is Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire, applicable both to the monastery and the township with which the abbey has always been associated.
Fleury, André-Hercule de
Chaplain to Maria Theresa and Louis XIV. (1653-1742)
French historian and chronicler, b. at Epernay in 894; d. in 966.
Floreffe, Abbey of
Situated on the Sambre, about seven miles southwest of Namur, Belgium, owes its foundation to Godfrey, Count of Namur, and his wife Ermensendis.
Located in the province of Tuscany (Central Italy).
Florence of Worcester
English chronicler, died in 1118.
Florence, Council of
The Seventeenth Ecumenical Council was the continuation of the Council of Ferrara.
Florentina, Saint
Sometimes called Florentia. Spanish nun, d. about 612.
Florez, Enrique
Spanish theologian, archeologist, and historian; born at Valladolid, 14 February, 1701; died at Madrid, 20 August, 1773.
Florian, Jean-Pierre Claris, Chevalier de
Writer, born at the château of Florian (Gard), 6 March, 1755; died at Sceaux, 13 September, 1794.
Florians, The
An independent order, and not, as some consider, a branch of the Cistercians; it was founded in 1189 by the Abbot Joachim of Flora.
The Peninsular or Everglade State, the most southern in the American Union and second largest east of the Mississippi.
Systematic collections of excerpts (more or less copious) from the works of the Fathers and other ecclesiastical writers of the early period, compiled with a view to serve dogmatic or ethical purposes.
A deacon of Lyons, ecclesiastical writer in the first half of the ninth century.
Floyd, John
English missionary. (1572-1649)
Archdiocese in Hungary, of the Greek-Romanian Rite.
Diocese in the province of the same name in Apulia (Southern Italy).
Foillan, Saint
Blood brother of SS. Fursey and Ultan. Irish-born abbot of Cnoberesburg until it was captured by the Mercians, whereupon Foillan fled to Nivelles. He was murdered in 652.
Folengo, Teofilo
Italian poet. (1496-1544)
Foley, Henry
English Jesuit lay brother. (1811-1891)
Diocese in the province of Perugia, Italy, immediately subject to the Holy See.
Folkestone Abbey
Located in England.
Fonseca Soares, Antonio da
Friar Minor and ascetical writer. (1631-1682)
Fonseca, José Ribeiro da
Friar Minor; b. at Evora, 3 Dec., 1690; d. at Porto, 16 June, 1752.
Fonseca, Pedro Da
A philosopher and theologian, born at Cortizada, Portugal, 1528; died at Lisbon, 4 Nov., 1599.
Fontana, Carlo
An architect and writer; b. at Bruciato, near Como, 1634; d. at Rome, 1714.
Fontana, Domenico
A Roman architect of the Late Renaissance, b. at Merli on the Lake of Lugano, 1543; d. at Naples, 1607.
Fontana, Felice
Italian naturalist and physiologist, b. at Pomarolo in the Tyrol, 15 April, 1730; d. at Florence, 11 January, 1805.
Fontbonne, Jeanne
Mother St. John, second foundress and superior-general of the Sisters of St. Joseph of Lyons. (1759-1843)
A suppressed order of hermits, which takes its name from their first hermitage in the Apennines.
Fontenelle, Abbey of
A Benedictine monastery in Normandy (Seine-Inférieure), near Caudebec-en-Caux.
Fontevrault, Order and Abbey of
The monastery of Fontevrault was founded by Blessed Robert d'Arbrissel about the end of 1100.
Foppa, Ambrogio
Italian goldsmith, sculptor, and die sinker, b. 1445, d. about 1527.
Forbes, John
Capuchin, b. 1570; d. 1606.
Forbin-Janson, Comte de Charles-Auguste-Marie-Joseph
A Bishop of Nancy and Toul, founder of the Association of the Holy Childhood. (1785-1844)
Forcellini, Egidio
Latin lexicographer, b. at Fener, near Treviso, Italy, 26 Aug., 1688; d. at Padua, 4 April, 1768.
Fordham University
Developed out of Saint John's College, founded by Bishop Hughes upon the old Rose Hill Farm at Fordham, then in Westchester County, and formally opened on St. John the Baptist's Day, 24 June, 1841.
Foreman, Andrew
A Scottish prelate; b. at Hatton, near Berwick-on-Tweed; d. 1522.
Forer, Laurenz
Controversialist, b. at Lucerne, 1580; d. at Ratisbon, 7 January, 1659.
Foresters, Catholic Orders of
A Catholic fraternal insurance society.
Forgery, Forger
The deliberate untruthfulness of an assertion, or in the deceitful presentation of an object, and is based on an intention to deceive and to injure while using the externals of honesty.
Diocese in the province of Romagna (Central Italy); suffragan of Ravenna.
The original meaning of the term form, both in Greek and Latin, was and is that in common use - eidos, being translated, that which is seen, shape, etc., with secondary meanings derived from this, as form, sort, particular, kind, nature.
Formby, Henry
Writer, born 1816; died at Normanton Hall, Leicester, 12 March, 1884.
Formosus, Pope
Reigned 891-896.
Medieval collections of models for the execution of documents (acta), public or private; a space being left for the insertion of names, dates, and circumstances peculiar to each case.
Forrest, William
Sixteenth-century English priest and poet.
Forster, Fobrenius
Bavarian Prince-Abbot. (1709-1791)
Forster, Thomas Ignatius Maria
Astronomer and naturalist. (1789-1860)
Fort Wayne
The Diocese of Vincennes, Indiana, U.S.A., established in 1834, comprised the whole State of Indiana till the Holy See, on 22 September, 1857, created the Diocese of Fort Wayne, assigning to it that part of Indiana north of the southern boundary of Warren, Fountain, Montgomery, Boone, Hamilton, Madison, Delaware, and Randolph Counties.
Fortaleza, Diocese of
Co-extensive with the State of Ceará in the Republic of Brazil.
One of the gifts from the Holy Ghost is a supernatural virtue.
Fortunato of Brescia
Morphologist and Minorite of the Reform of Lombardy; b. at Brescia, 1701; d. at Madrid, 1754.
Lengthy biographical article on the talented sixth-century poet and hymn-writer.
Forty Hours' Devotion
Somewhat dated with regard to the liturgical details, but otherwise an accurate depiction. An Eucharistic devotion.
Forty Martyrs
Article in the Catholic Encyclopedia about this group of soldiers who, for professing Christianity, were ordered by the prefect to lie naked on a frozen lake. One of these threw himself into a warm bath which had been set up for defectors, but one of the guards was so impressed with the others that he declared himself a Christian and died with them. Early fourth century.
Forum, Ecclesiastical
Ecclesiastical jurisdiction is distinguished into that of the internal and external forum.
Diocese located in the province of Cuneo, in Piedmont, Northern Italy, a suffragan of Turin.
Diocese in the province of Pesaro, Italy, a suffragan of Urbino.
Grave diggers in the Roman catacombs in the first three or four centuries of the Christian Era.
Foster, John Gray
Soldier, convert. (1823-1874)
Fothad, Saint
St. Fothad Na Canoine ("of the Canon"), late eighth-century monk in County Donegal, bard.
Fouard, Constant
An ecclesiastical writer b. at Elbeuf, near Rouen, 6 Aug. 1837.
Foucault, Jean-Bertrand-Léon
A physicist and mechanician, b. at Paris, 19 Sept., 1819; d. there 11 Feb., 1868.
Foulque de Neuilly
A popular Crusade preacher, d. March, 1202.
An ecclesiastical foundation is the making over of temporal goods to an ecclesiastical corporation or individual, either by gift during life or by will after death, on the condition of some spiritual work being done either in perpetuity or for a long time.
Foundling Asylums
Under this title are comprised all institutions which take charge of infants whose parents or guardians are unable or unwilling to care for them.
Fountains Abbey
A monastery of the Cistercian Order situated on the banks of the Skell about two and a half miles from Ripon in Yorkshire, established by thirteen Benedictine monks of St. Mary's Abbey, York.
Fouquet, Jehan
French painter and miniaturist, b. at Tours, c. 1415; d. about 1480.
Four Crowned Martyrs
The Four Crowned Martyrs are actually two groups, with a total of nine or ten martyrs. The first five were masons or sculptors in Pannonia, martyred in 305. The second was a group of four martyrs, names unknown. They have been venerated since the fourth century and share a feast day on 8 November.
Four Masters, Annals of the
The most extensive of all the compilations of the ancient annals of Ireland.
Fowler, John
Scholar and printer, b. at Bristol, England, 1537; d. at Namur, Flanders, 13 Feb., 1578-9.
Fractio Panis
The name given to a fresco in the so-called "Capella Greca" in the catacomb of St. Priscilla.
Geography, statistics, and history.
Frances d'Amboise, Blessed
Biographical article on the Duchess of Brittany. While married, she was a great friend of the Poor Clares, Dominicans, and Carmelites. After she was widowed, she became a Carmelite herself, and died in 1485.
Frances of Rome, Saint
Wife and mother, Benedictine oblate, mystic, d. 1440.
Franceschini, Marc' Antonio
Italian painter; b. at Bologna, 1648; d. there c. 1729; best known for the decorative works he carried out in Parma, Bologna, and Genoa, and for the designs executed for Clement XI for certain mosaics in St. Peter's.
Franchi, Ausonio
Philosopher; b. 24 February, 1821, at Pegli, province of Genoa; d. 12 September, 1895, at Genoa.
Bolognese goldsmith, engraver, and artist, b. about 1450; d. in 1517.
Francis Borgia, Saint
Long essay on the dramatic life of the Duke of Gandia turned Jesuit.
Francis Caracciolo, Saint
Co-founder of the Congregation of the Minor Clerks Regular, d. 1608.
Francis de Geronimo, Saint
Italian Jesuit, a popular preacher with a flair for the dramatic, d. 1716.
Francis de Sales, Saint
Biographical article on the Bishop of Geneva, and Doctor of the Church, who died in 1622.
Francis I
King of France; b. at Cognac, 12 September, 1494; d. at Rambouillet, 31 March, 1547.
Francis Ingleby, Blessed
Brief biography of the Yorkshire priest and martyr, who died in 1586.
Francis of Assisi, Saint
Long article on St. Francis, founder, mystic, perhaps the most beloved Catholic saint of all.
Francis of Fabriano, Blessed
Italian Franciscan priest and missionary, d. 1322.
Francis of Paula, Saint
Founder of the Order of Minims, d. 1507.
Francis of Vittoria
Spanish theologian; b. about 1480, at Vittoria, province of Avila, in Old Castile; d. 12 August, 1546.
Francis Regis Clet, Blessed
French Lazarist missionary to China, martyred in 1820.
Francis Solanus, Saint
Spanish Franciscan missionary to South America, d. 1610. Short biographical article.
Francis X. Seelos, Blessed
Short biographical article on the missionary priest.
Francis Xavier, Saint
Biographical article on one of the first Jesuits, and missionary to Asia, who died in 1552.
Francis, Rule of Saint
As known, St. Francis founded three orders and gave each of them a special rule.
Franciscan Order
An article on the history of the Franciscan order and its role within the Catholic Church.
Franck, Kasper
A theologian and controversialist; b. at Ortrand, Saxony, 2 Nov., 1543; d. at Ingolstadt, 12 March, 1584.
Franco, Giovanni Battista
Italian historical painter and etcher, b. at Udine in 1510; d. at Venice in 1580.
Frank, Michael Sigismund
Catholic artist and rediscoverer of the lost art of glass-painting; b. 1 June, 1770, at Nuremberg; d. at Munich, 16 January, 1847.
Archbishop of Mechlin (Malines), Primate of Belgium, and cardinal. (1726-1804)
Frankfort, Council of
Convened in the summer of 794, by the grace of God, authority of the pope, and command of Charlemagne (can. 1), and attended by the bishops of the Frankish kingdom, Italy, and the province of Aquitania, and even by ecclesiastics from England.
Formerly the scene of the election and coronation of the German emperors.
Franks, The
A confederation formed in Western Germany of a certain number of ancient barbarian tribes who occupied the right shore of the Rhine from Mainz to the sea. Their name is first mentioned by Roman historians in connection with a battle fought against this people about the year 241.
Franzelin, Johann Baptist
Cardinal and theologian. (1816-1886)
One of the six suburbicarian (i.e. neighbouring) dioceses from an immemorial date closely related to the Roman Church.
Frassen, Claude
A celebrated Scotist theologian and philosopher of the Order of Friars Minor; b. near Peronne, France, in 1620; d. at Paris, 26 February, 1711.
A name given to various heretical sects which appeared in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, principally in Italy.
In the common acceptation of the word, an act or course of deception deliberately practised with the view of gaining a wrong and unfair advantage.
Fraunhofer, Joseph von
Optician. (1787-1826)
Frayssinous, Denis de
Bishop of Hermopolis in partibus infidelium, is celebrated chiefly for his conferences at Notre-Dame de Paris. (1765-1841)
Frechette, Louis-Honoré
Canadian journalist and poet. (1839-1908)
The supposed author of an anonymous historical compilation (Chronicon Fredegarii) of the seventh century, in which is related the history of the Franks from the earliest times until 658.
Fredegis of Tours
A ninth-century monk, teacher, and writer.
Frederick I (Barbarossa)
German King and Roman Emperor. (1123-1190)
Frederick II
German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250.
Fredoli, Berenger
Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati. (1250-1323)
Free Church of Scotland
Short introduction and history of the United Free Church. Briefly covers the secession, notes the events leading up to the disruption and deals with the events during the unification.
Free Will
The question of free will, moral liberty, or the liberum arbitrium of the Schoolmen, ranks amongst the three or four most important philosophical problems of all time.
Those who, abandoning the religious truths and moral dictates of the Christian Revelation, and accepting no dogmatic teaching on the ground of authority, base their beliefs on the unfettered findings of reason alone.
Fregoso, Federigo
Cardinal; b. at Genoa, about 1480; d. 22 July, 1541.
City, archdiocese, and university in the Archduchy of Baden, Germany.
Suffragan of Aix; comprises the whole department of Var (France).
Fremin, James
Jesuit missionary to the American Indians; b. at Reims, 12 March, 1628; d. at Quebec, 2 July, 1691.
French Catholics in the United States
History and statistics of French Canadian immigration to the United States.
French Literature
Origin, foundations, and types.
French, Nicholas
Bishop of Ferns, Ireland. (1604-1678)
Freppel, Charles-Emile
Bishop of Angers, France; and deputy from Finistère. (1827-1891)
Frequent Communion
Discusses the history and practice.
Fresnel, Augustin-Jean
Physicist; b. at Broglie near Bernay, Normandy, 10 May, 1788; d. at Ville d'Avray, near Paris, 14 July, 1827.
A member of one of the mendicant orders.
Friars Minor, Order of
History, traditions, and saints of the order.
Fridelli, Xavier Ehrenbert
Jesuit missionary and cartographer. (1673-1743)
Frideswide, Saint
Patron saint of Oxford, d. 735. Biographical entry.
Fridolin, Saint
Irish missionary, founded the Monastery of Säckingen sometime before the ninth century.
Friedrich von Hausen
Medieval German poet.
Friends of God
An association of pious persons, both ecclesiastical and lay, having for its object the cultivation of holiness.
Friends, Society of
Quakers, an Anglo-American religious sect.
Frigolet, Abbey of
The monastery of St. Michael was founded, about 960, at Frigolet, by Conrad the Pacific, King of Arles.
Fringes (in Scripture)
A special kind of trimming, consisting of loose threads of wool, silk, etc., or strips of other suitable material, along the edge of a piece of cloth.
Fritz, Samuel
A Jesuit missionary of the eighteenth century noted for his exploration of the Amazon River and its basin.
Froissart, Jean
Biography of the French historian and poet.
Fromentin, Eugène
French writer and artist. (1820-1876)
Frontenac, Louis de Baude
A governor of New France, b. at Paris, 1662; d. at Quebec, 28 Nov., 1698.
Frowin, Blessed
Abbot of Engelberg, renowned for learning as well as sanctity, d. 1178.
Fructuosus of Braga, Saint
Hermit, abbot, archbishop, d. around 665.
Fructuosus of Tarragona, Saint
Bishop, was martyred along with his deacons Augurius and Eulogius in 259.
Fuchs, Johann Nepomuk von
Chemist and mineralogist. (1774-1856)
Fuhrich, Joseph
Artist. (1800-1876)
Fulbert of Chartres
Bishop. (952-1028)
Fulcran, Saint
Bishop of Lodève, d. 1006.
This diocese of the German Empire takes its name from the ancient Benedictine abbey of Fulda.
Fulgentius Ferrandus
A canonist and theologian of the African Church in the first half of the sixth century.
Fulgentius, Saint
Bishop of Ecija, died sometime between 619 and 633.
Fulgentius, Saint
Full name, Fabius Claudius Gordianus Fulgentius. Monk, abbot, Bishop of Ruspe, anti-Arian theologian, d. 533.
Fullerton, Lady Georgiana Charlotte
Novelist; born 23 September, 1812, in Staffordshire, died 19 January, 1885.
Fumo, Bartolommeo
Theologian. (d. 1545)
Diocese in the Madeira Islands.
Fundamental Articles
This term was employed by Protestant theologians to distinguish the essential parts of the Christian faith from those non-essential doctrines, which, as they believed, individual churches might accept or reject without forfeiting their claim to rank as parts of the Church universal.
Funeral Dues
The canonical perquisites of a parish priest receivable on the occasion of the funeral of any of his parishioners.
Funeral Pall
A black cloth usually spread over the coffin while the obsequies are performed for a deceased person.
Funk, Franz Xaver von
Church historian. (1840-1907)
Furness Abbey
Originally a Benedictine monastery of the Savigny Reform it afterwards became Cistercian.
A titular see in Proconsular Africa, where two towns of this name are known to have existed.
Furniss, John
A well-known children's missioner. (1809-1865)
Fursey, Saint
Blood brother of St. Foillan. Fursey was an Irish monk and visionary, the abbot of Lagny. He died in about 650.
Furstenberg, Franz Friedrich Wilhelm von
A statesman and educator. (1729- 1810)
A titular see in Numidia.
Fust, John
A partner of Gutenberg in promoting the art of printing, d. at Paris about 1466.
Fytch, William Benedict
An English Capuchin, whose family name was Filch. (1563-1610)
Förster, Arnold
German entomologist. (1810-1884)
Fünfkirchen, Diocese of
Diocese in Hungary, in the ecclesiastical province of Gran.
William Freeman, Blessed
English priest, martyred at Warwick in 1595.
Last update:
January 2, 2007 at 16:42:38 UTC
All Languages