On December, 1, 1955 in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a city bus to a white man. She was arrested for disorderly conduct. This lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott which lasted over a year until the Supreme Court found segregated public transportation to be unconstitutional and ordered Montgomery officials to integrate the service.

Many historians note December 1, 1955, as the beginning of the modern civil rights movement in the U.S.

From 1965 until her retirement, Rosa Parks worked for U.S. Representative John Conyers of Michigan. In 1999 she was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor.

Related categories 3

Academy of Achievement: Rosa Parks
Biography and 1995 interview with audio and video.
BBC News: US civil rights icon Parks dies
BBC tribute to Rosa Parks including archive footage, photos, and link to an obituary.
Grand Times: The Woman Who Changed a Nation
Biographical article based on 1996 interview with Parks.
Rosa Parks and the Bus Boycott
Tells the story of Parks' arrest on the 1st of December, 1955, for not standing and letting a white bus rider take her seat.
Scholastic: Rosa Parks: How I Fought for Civil Rights
An online activity for grades 7 and 8 about Parks' arrest, the boycott, nonviolence, and the court ruling, with an interview.
Time 100: Heroes and Icons: Rosa Parks
Article by Rita Dove honoring Ms. Parks as one of the twenty most influential heroes and icons of the 20th century.
Washington Post: Washington Prepares To Pay Rosa Parks Rare Tribute at Capitol
Becomes one of only 30 Americans ever honored with the pomp and ritual of a Capitol Rotunda viewing. (October 29, 2005)
Cincinnati Enquirer: Rosa Parks Argues vs. Rap
Article by Dan Horn about the arguments made before the U.S. Court of Appeals. (May 05, 2001)
CNN: Rosa Parks Honored with Congressional Gold Medal
Article and video coverage of the event with links. (June 15, 1999)
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May 15, 2014 at 9:35:07 UTC
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