This category is about the study of black holes as thermodynamic objects (where the black hole mass is inversely proportional to its temperature, and the surface area proportional to its entropy), including quantum effects such as Hawking radiation.

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Black Hole Thermodynamics
Brief introduction to the basic ideas of black hole thermodynamics; written by David M. Harrison (University of Toronto); uses no mathematical formulas; suitable for a general audience.
Hawking Radiation
A brief and accessible overview of Hawking radiation from the Physics FAQ; suitable for the general reader. Originally written by John Baez (University of California at Riverside); later modified by Ilja Schmelzer.
Hawking Radiation
Brief introduction to the phenomenon, including simple formulas and instructive animations; part of the black hole web pages written by Andrew Hamilton (University of Colorado at Boulder).
The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Review article by Bob Wald, published in Living Reviews in Relativity. Contains detailed information about classical black hole thermodynamics, hawking radiation and black hole entropy.
Black Hole Evaporation
Very readable tutorial by Jennie Traschen (University of Massachusetts at Amherst) on how to compute the properties of Hawking radiation and perform similar calculations. Presupposes basic knowledge of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory. (October 13, 2000)
The Thermodynamics of Black Holes
Review by Bob Wald (University of Chicago). Suitable for undergraduates; includes discussion of classical black hole thermodynamics, Hawking radiation from black holes, the generalized second law, and the issue of entropy bounds. (September 30, 2000)
Quantum Aspects of Black Holes
A brief (graduate level) introduction to the quantum aspects of black holes, from the laws of black hole mechanics and Hawking radiation to more advanced aspects such as the interpretation of the entropy and the possible existence of primordial black holes. Written by Claus Kiefer (University of Cologne). (February 01, 2000)
Black Hole Entropy and Quantum Gravity
An elementary introduction (at graduate level) to the problem of black hole entropy as formulated by Bekenstein and Hawking. Written by Parthasarathi Majumdar based on a conference talk. (July 29, 1998)
Quantum Geometry and Black Holes
Review article (graduate level) by Abhay Ashtekar and Kirill Krasnov (Penn State University) about how to explain black hole thermodynamics using the methods of non-perturbative quantum general relativity. (April 17, 1998)
Black Hole Thermodynamics Today
Contribution by Ted Jacobson (University of Maryland) to the Eighth Marcel Grossmann Meeting: An overview of development in black hole thermodynamics in the 1990s. (January 07, 1998)
Quantum Fields near Black Holes
Review by Andreas Wipf (University of Jena), giving an introduction to quantum fields in spacetime and, more specifically, the Unruh effect and Hawking radiation. Presupposes basic knowledge of quantum field theory and general relativity. (January 07, 1998)
Introduction to Black Hole Microscopy
Review by Ted Jacobson (University of Maryland and Utrecht University), suitable for graduate student. Presents the standard understanding of the Hawking effect, the fundamentals of the Unruh effect, and the connection between the two. (October 06, 1995)
Quantum Aspects of Black Holes
Review article by Jeff Harvey (University of Chicago) and Andrew Strominger (UCSB) on Hawking radiation and black hole evaporation, based on lectures given in 1992 in Trieste and Boulder, Colorado. (September 16, 1992)
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