Areas of the physical environment, typically a piece of real estate previously owned and used by a chemical or related manufacturing or processing business, that have become contaminated to such an extent that they are not granted permits for use in the town or city where they are located. However, brownfields may be able to be "rehabilitated" or used wisely, in such a way as to minimize dangers to new users. These are brownfields. Brownfield utilization can be extremely important for any given town or city because the site may be at the heart of the industrial center of the old city or town. For an example of a city where the corporation left the site and refuses to permit brownfield use, see Schenectady, NY. For a site that is the opposite and has had corporate cooperation with local authorities and environmental engineers see "Positive Example."

Related categories 3

Avtex Fibers Superfund Site
About a sixty five million dollar Superfund redevelopment project in cooperation with the U.S. EPA, VADEQ, and FMC Corporation. Front Royal, Virginia.
Brownfield Gentrification
Criticises a brownfield redevelopment in Amsterdam (Netherlands), saying the worst aspect of the project is the way it is linked to a social vision that rejects social equality.
California Center for Land Recycling
Nonprofit working to repair fractured communities and discourage urban sprawl through training, technical assistance and grants for communities attempting to turn around vacant or environmentally distressed properties.
National Brownfield Association
A nonprofit educational organization providing information to businesses, professionals, and nonprofits about the benefits of developing environmentally impaired properties.
Network for Industrially Contaminated Land in Europe
Scientific and technical information and ideas relating to all aspects of industrially contaminated land, including soil and groundwater problems. Includes announcements of upcoming conferences and events.
New Hampshire's Brownfields Law
Synopsis of Chapter 264, HB 636 which is New Hampshire's brownfields law.
Regional Online Brownfields Information Network
Issues, solutions, and information resources related to "land recycling" in the Great Lakes region of the U.S. and Canada. Includes numerous brownfields case studies.
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