Orange County covers some 355 square miles or 227,000 acres in the north Piedmont of Virginia The topography ranges from steep and rolling hills in the northern part of the County to fairly level land in the southern portion. Elevations range from 200 to 1,200 feet above sea level. The average temperature in the summer is 75.8 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter the temperature averages 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Annual precipitation averages 41 inches and the average snowfall is 17 inches.
There are two incorporated towns in the County. The Town of Orange is the County Seat and has a population of 3,550. The Town of Gordonsville has a population of 1,500. Both towns are centrally located in the County. There is also a large, planned community, Lake of the Woods, on the eastern end of the County.