Originally part of the Creek Nation and the Cherokee Outlet, and known as "Old Oklahoma." Payne County was settled by the Land Run of April 22, 1889. Several years prior to that, William L. Couch had led the first colonists of Boomers in their attempt to establish a town at the juncture of Boomer and Stillwater creeks, a place they called Stillwater. Couch's group was originated by David L. Payne who died in Kansas just before the group moved into Oklahoma lands. His name was later given to the county. Livestock and the production of hay from prairie grasses were the principal industries of early settlers, but by the early 1900s corn was the leading crop followed by cotton, hay, oats, and wheat. The discovery of the Cushing Oilfield led to rapid population growth, but created areas of desolate oil wastelands where early refineries dumped salt water and waste products. The first Civil War battle in Oklahoma occurred at Twin Mounds on Nov. 19, 1861, when a body of Union Creeks moving north from their country were intercepted by the Confederates. Oklahoma A&M College was opened in 1891, with seven faculty members and 76 students. Today, Oklahoma State University is the county's largest industry. Location: Payne County is in northern Oklahoma. Climate: The average precipitation is 47.1 inches yearly in this area. January's average temperature is 42.0 degrees Fahrenheit and July's average is 80.8 degrees Fahrenheit. County Seat: Stillwater Distances: Stillwater to: Tulsa - 64 miles Oklahoma City - 65 miles Enid - 66 miles Land Area: 697 square miles

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Payne County
Official Payne County government information.
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May 28, 2012 at 5:24:05 UTC
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