Created at statehood from lands lying within the Cherokee Nation, Indian Territory, the county was named for Samuel H. Mayes, Cherokee chief. The first permanent white settlement in Oklahoma was at Salina where the French established a trading post in 1769. Near Mazie is the site of Union Mission, established in 1820 by a Presbyterian missionary to the Osages. The important Texas Trail followed the Grand River through the county, entering the state at the northeast corner and continuing south to the Red River. Pryor, the county seat, was named for Nathaniel Pryor a scout with the Lewis and Clark expedition who settled at Pryor's Creek, an Osage trading post a few miles southeast of the present town. Located 44 miles from Tulsa, Pryor is on U.S. 69 and S.H. 20, and is 20 miles from the Arkansas River Navigation Channel. MidAmerica Industrial Park is Oklahoma's largest industrial park with approximately 9,000 acres. Industry consists of beef production which ranks number one in the county and dairying which ranks third in the state. Major crops are soybeans, hay, sorghum, wheat and corn. Manufacturing is the most important industry division in the county both in terms of employment and wages. Public andministration, services and retail follow this. Recreation is also becoming important since Pryor Creek is located within 30 minutes of five lakes - Hudson, Fort Gibson, Grand Lake O' the Cherokees, Spavinaw and Eucha. The Mayes County Historical Society published Historical Highlights of Mayes County. Location: Mayes County is in northeastern Oklahoma. Climate: The average precipitation is 45.6 inches yearly in this area. January's average temperature is 40.6 degrees Fahrenheit and July's average is 79.6 degrees Fahrenheit. County Seat: Pryor Creek Distances: Pryor Creek to: Muskogee - 41 miles Tulsa - 46 miles Bartlesville - 67 miles Land Area: 683 square miles of rolling hills and valleys

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