The appellation Colchester was applied in 1780 to the district previously called Cobequid, and was derived from the town in Essex England of that name. The old name Cobequid was derived from the Micmac word "Wagobagitk" meaning "the bay runs far up". The District of Colchester which was at first part of Halifax County was established as county in its own right in 1835. In 1838 a distinct line of division between Cumberland County and Colchester County was established. Two years later, in 1840, the Township of Parrsboro was divided and part of it annexed to Colchester County. In 1871, the lines between the Counties of Hants and Colchester and between the Counties of Halifax and Colchester were established. In 1880 the boundary between the Counties of Halifax and Colchester was revised. Eventually in 1897 a portion of the boundary between the Counties of Colchester and Cumberland was fixed and defined. The question of the boundary between Colchester and Cumberland Counties was the subject of a Commission of Inquiry established in 1946. The report was filed in the office of the Provincial Secretary and in the office of the Department of Lands and Forests in January 1959. Certified copies of it were sent to the Registrars of Deeds for the Counties of Colchester, Cumberland and Kings.

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Big Brothers - Big Sisters of Colchester County
FAQs, fundraising, board of directors, guidelines, contact details, and information about special programs including Big Couples, Big Bunch, Special Buddies, and in school mentoring.
Colchester County GenWeb Project
A part of the Nova Scotia and Canada GenWeb Projects. Searchable business directory databases, surname registry, and other genealogical resources.
Colchester SPCA
Based in Truro but operates in Colchester County. Includes photos of and information about cats and dogs available for adoption, abuse reporting procedure, and organization information.
Colchester Transportation Cooperative Limited
A community based transportation system, meeting the daily travel needs of the citizens of the County. Describes services offered, schedules and contact phone numbers.
Municipality of the County of Colchester
Answers questions about government or municipal services. Offers facts on administration, business, bylaws, services and a general information desk.
Truro and Colchester Chamber of Commerce
Connecting people and business through newsletters, background information and meetings. Offers member directory.
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