Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a genetic disorder that weakens the muscles. People with MD can't make the proteins needed for healthy muscles. There are many types of MD.

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is the most common and most serious. It affects the gene that makes the protein for muscle shape and strength in boys.
  • Limb-girdle Muscular Dystrophy (LGMD) affects the muscles in the shoulders and hips in boys and girls.
  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (CMD) is the name for all types of MD that affect babies and young children.
  • There is no cure, but doctors are working to find ways to fix the genes that make proteins for the muscles and create medicines that will work like the missing proteins. Muscle exercises, physical therapy, and breathing aids can help.

    KidsHealth: The Meaning of Muscular Dystrophy
    [ Kids ] Learn what it is, the different types, causes, how to help someone with MD, and what it's like.
    Muscular Dystrophy
    [ Teens/Mature Teens ] A short information sheet on MD compiled by NINDS, the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
    TeensHealth: Muscular Dystrophy
    [ Teens/Mature Teens ] Learn about different types of MD, the causes, and what it's like for teens who have it.
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    Last update:
    May 3, 2016 at 0:54:31 UTC
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