Espalier is the practice of training woody plants, usually fruit trees, to grow flat against a structure.
Backwoods Home Magazine: Espalier your trees
Article providing basic information, including drawing and descriptions of horizontal, palmette, and cordon espaliering styles.
BBC Gardening: Plant an Espalier Apple Tree
Step by step instructions on site selection and training, and a few growing tips.
IFAS Extension: Espaliers
Includes introduction, examples of formal and informal patterns, general care, trimming tips, and lists of vines, shrubs, and trees suitable for use in Florida.
NC State University: Espalier
Provides a definition of the technique, a list of amenable plant types, and tips on site selection, style, support construction, and training.
Rare Fruit Society of South Australia: Espalier
Orchard owners lists their reasons for espaliering, and describe their methods. Includes plan drawing of framework, and photo galleries showing the enclosed espalier area as well as many individual trained fruit trees.
The Victory Garden: Starting an Espalier
Illustrated article about the technique, with tips on starting an espalier project with a fruit tree sapling.
Last update:October 19, 2015 at 2:19:36 UTC