Torticollis is Latin for twisted neck and is commonly referred to as wry neck. It is a term used to identify any condition or disease that causes the neck to twist or the head to tilt.

Congenital Muscular Torticollis (CMT, Pseudotumor of Infancy, Sternocleidomastoid (SCM) Torticollis, Sternomastoid Torticollis, Fibromatosis Colli) is present at birth and affects the SCM causing the head to tilt toward the affected muscle with the chin pointing up.

Spasmodic Torticollis (ST, Intermittent Torticollis, Psychogenic Torticollis), a focal dystonia, causes the muscles of the neck to involuntarily contract (spasm) making the head twist. The head may twist forward (Anterocollis), backward (Retrocollis), to the side (Laterocollis), or the face may turn toward the shoulder (Rotational). The varieties of ST are shaking of the head (Clonic), turning to one side (Tonic), or a combination of both (Mixed).

Ocular Torticollis is a voluntary tilt of the head to correct abnormal sight. The sight may be abnormal due to misalignment of the eyes (strabismus), rapid jerking movement of the eye (nystagmus), or visual field defects.

Benign Paroxysmal Torticollis (BPT) is a head tilt that is not constant and may switch affected sides.

Related categories 2

eMedicine World Medical Library Journal
Article about torticollis by Michael Ross, MD and Susan Dufel, MD, FACEP.
Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia
Provides illustrations, alternative names, definition, causes and risks, prevention, symptoms, signs and tests, treatment, prognosis and complications.
The National Spasmodic Torticollis Association
Californian non-profit organization, providing support, referrals and information for patients and family members.
Orthoseek: Congenital Muscular Torticollis
Details of the condition with pictures of stretches.
Selective Peripheral Denervation
Case study of 133 patients (65 men, 68 women) who were operated on.
Spasmodic Torticollis Recovery Clinic, Inc
Teaches symptomatic relief based on exercise, self-massage, and nutrition. Includes overview of the program, testimonials, and fee schedule. Located in Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Non-profit organization that provides information and support to members.
Offers definition, diagnosis, theory and statistics.
Torticollis Caused by Intervertebral Disc Calcification
Clinical case presentation by Tobenna Okezie, MD and S. Jay Kumar, MD.
Torticollis, Keep Hoping
The site describes personal experiences and offers background information.
UCLA Neurosurgery
Definition, causes and treatments are discussed.
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Last update:
October 17, 2016 at 3:07:06 UTC
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