Thyroid eye disease is known by many other terms, including TED, infiltrative thyroid ophthalmopathy, Graves' eye disease, Grave's ophthalmopathy, thyroid-associated ophthalmopathy (TAO), and von Basedow's ophthalmopathy. TED or TAO is an autoimmune process that was described by Graves in 1835 and by von Basedow in 1840. Thyroid eye disease may be associated with other autoimmune disorders such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
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eMedicine: Thyroid Ophthalmopathy
Incidence, causes, physical signs, symptoms, history, lab and imaging studies, medical and surgical treatments.
Graves' Eye Disease
The clinical features and treatment for this condition also known as thyroid eye disease (TED) or Graves' opthalmopathy (GO). From the Thyroid Foundation of Canada.
Thyroid Eye Disease
Treatment of exophthalmos through naturopathy, supported by acupuncture, acupressure, and magnetic treatment, eye care and eyeball exercises.
Cigarette Smoking and Treatment Outcomes in Graves' Ophthalmopathy
This study determined that smoking increased the risks of ophthalmopathy and decreased the effectiveness of treatment. Annals of Internal Medicine. (October 15, 1998)
Last update:January 5, 2017 at 16:35:07 UTC