Arts Music Composition Composers M Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, Jakob Ludwig Felix
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809-1847) was grandson of Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn. Born in Hamburg, brought up in Berlin, he was a piano prodigy in his youth. Both he and his sister, Fannny, composed from an early age. Fanny was discouraged by her father and brother because she was a woman (only the late Twentieth Century 20 produced the first recordings of most of her compositions); Felix was encouraged, and produced sonatas, songs, cantatas, organ works, and even a symphony by the time he was 16 years old. When Felix was 17, he and Fanny read Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream together, and he was so enchanted with the work that he wrote a long piece about it; this became the "Overture" to the incidental music for the play, written 17 years later in 1843. Felix first wrote the "Overture" for 2 pianos, for Fanny and himself to play, and it is considered his first real masterpiece. In 1843, when Mendelssohn wrote the rest of the incidental music to be played along with the performance of Shakespeare's play, he orchestrated the "Overture" along with the other pieces. He married the daughter of a Huguenot pastor and, although he formally and publicly renouncing his Judaism, added the hyphenated Bartholdy to their names to indicate his conversion to Protestantism. This may explain why Mendelssohn eventually wrote Symphony No. 5, "The Reformation", which includes as the main theme in the 3rd movement the famous chorale "Ein feste Burg (A Mighty Fortress)".

Related categories 9

Classic Cat
Biographical information, links, and directory of available MP3 audio files.
Classical Archives: Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
Biography and complete works offered in MIDI, MP3, and Windows Media audio formats.
Classical Net: Felix Mendelssohn
Recommended biographies, recommended scores, CD reviews, a works list, and audio samples in MIDI format.
Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy - Wikipedia
Article with biography, musical influence, bibliography, portrait, internal references to related people and topics, and links.
Find A Grave: Felix Mendelssohn
A biography and musical commentary of the composers life. Pictures of his gravesite with an interactive memorial.
Humanities Web
Brief biography, key works, suggested reading and recordings, timeline, quotes, links, and additional resources.
IMDb: Mendelssohn Filmography
Lists movies in which his music was featured.
Internet Public Library
Biography listed with others of the Romantic Era. Includes portrait.
Kunst der Fuge
Biography and MIDI files.
Career highlights and selected music examples that can be seen as sheet music in Sibelius format.
Collection of public domain scores and audio. Includes PDF, PNG, MIDI, and PS formats.
The Rec Music Foundation
List of vocal works with German lyrics, with English translations available.

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