Hamlin Garland was born in West Salem, Wisconsin, on 14 September 1860. After moving with his family to a succession of homesteads in Iowa and South Dakota, he went to Boston in 1884, determined to embark on a literary career. His first success was Main-Travelled Roads, a collection of short stories published in 1891. He moved to Chicago in 1893, lectured widely on literary topics, and agitated for a realistic American literature through a number of essays, some of which were revised into his 1894 manifesto, Crumbling Idols. In 1895 he published Rose of Dutcher's Coolly, a novel of a New Woman in which he sought to embody his literary creed. That year he began visiting the American West, making notes of cowboys and the glorious mountain scenery so unlike his native Wisconsin. He also began to study the American Indian, taking copious notes for later use in fiction. A number of his Indian stories were collected in The Book of the American Indian (1923). In addition to being a novelist, short-story writer, poet, essayist, and memoirist, Garland lectured widely on American literature and writers for over 40 years. Herewith are three of his lecture circulars, which describe both his background and the subjects of his lectures.
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